Greetings to all present here. The topic on which I am going to speak today is none other than Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose one of the most well-known and greatest child of Mother India who has dedicated his entire life for the service of the nation.
Not only he played a great role in establishing an identity for India in the world sphere, but he also played a great role for the freedom of our nation from the unjust Colonial rule of the United Kingdom.
Netaji as he was fondly called, meant, the great leader. He was born on the 23rd of January in the year 1897 in the Bengal province of British India. He had political acumen which he showcased at young age and had been actively involved in political activities with the Indian nationalists against the British rule.
In India Netaji is one of the most celebrated Freedom Fighters and there is that reason for that to. At a time when Gandhiji’s nonviolent movement was grossly at its lowest, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose with his radical ideas preferred into splitting with the Congress and making the forward bloc which was a left-wing organization.
During the war and as early as the 1930 Subhash Chandra Bose seems to have decided that no democratic system could be adequate to overcome India’s poverty and social inequalities that the British government headset.
And he wrote that an authoritarian state similar to that of Soviet Russia which he had also seen and admired would be needed for the process of national rebuilding. Subhash Chandra Bose became the Congress President of the Haripura session of 1938 does showing the influence of the leftist and socialist wing in the Congress.
He was re-elected the very next year in 1939 for the Tripuri session by defeating Gandhi’s candidates Pattabhi Sitaramayya whom Gandhi backed tremendously. On the question of formation of the Congress working committee There rose a rift between Gandhi and Subhash Chandra Bose.
While Bose wanted to choose his own working committee, Gandhi disapproved in because he foresaw the danger of Bose using all means including violence in the struggle for independence. As a result, Bose was left alone so being rendered helpless he left the Congress and resign from its president ship on 29th April 1939 giving place to Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the next President.
The forward bloc formed by Netaji held its first all India conference in Nagpur where the conference declared to be a socialist party. Its immediate objective was the Liberation of India with the support of workers presents youth and all radical organization. The conference past is resolution,” all power to the Indian people”.
Subhas Bose was an eye-sore to the British. The forward bloc urged militant action for struggle against British and wanted to establish a socialist society through state planning for organizations of agriculture and industry on socialist lines, evolution of landlordism, new monetary and credit system, and world peace, disarmament and friendly relations with socialist Nations like Russia.
He was arrested on 2nd July 1940. He went on a hunger strike in jail and was released on 11th day. He was kept under house arrest in his Calcutta residence. On January 17th 1941 he disguised himself as a Pathan, went to Peshawar, and from there he reached Afghanistan. Then he moved to Moscow from where on March 28 1941 he flew over to Berlin in Germany.
The Indian National Army or Azad Hind Fauj was formed by the Indian National on 1st September 1942 in Southeast Asia during the Second World War. It became the military arm of the Indian Independence League headed by Subhash Chandra Bose.
The name of the army was to overthrow the British raj in colonial India with Japanese assistance. Initially the INA composed of Indian prisoners of War captured by Japan in her Malayan campaign and at Singapore where it later dual large number of volunteers from Indian expatriate population in Malaya and Burma.
On 23rd October 1943 the cabinet of the interim government formed by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose called a special meeting where it was decided to wage war against the United States of America and England that is the allied forces.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose himself broadcasted that decision on the radio and soon after that the Indian National Army started advancing towards India. Two headquarters were set up, one of which was in Rangoon and the other in Singapore.
The mean of the Indian National Army or the Azad Hind Fauj continue to hold on to Burma for almost a year after their victory in Southeast Asia. After that there condition just went from back towards and Rangoon was recaptured by the British in early May 1945.
The mean of the Indian National Army medicines and meet prisoners of War. The surrender of Japan on August 15th sealed the fate of the INA also. Netaji left Rangoon for Bangkok. There after he flew for Tokyo but while on the way to Tokyo it is said that he received fatal injuries in a plane crash.
According to the official documentation of the Japanese government Netaji died on August 18th 1945. However, his death Orchid in mysterious circumstances and nothing can be said concretely about it even today. Many people believed he faked his death and lived even after that fateful day of 18th August 1945.