Save Water – Essay 1
Water scarcity is a universal problem. So it is the responsibility of all the citizens of our planet to be jointly deal with it and save water. We need to conserve water not only for ourselves but also for our future generations.
The most precious gift of nature to humanity is water. Water can also be called ‘life’ because life on the earth can never be imagined without water.
Earth is called a “blue planet.” Because it is the only known planet in the universe where there is a sufficient amount of usable water, about 71 percent of the earth’s surface is covered with water. Most of the water of the earth is found in oceans and oceans. That water cannot be used due to the excessive presence of salt. The percentage of potable water on earth is meager.
In some parts of the earth, people have to travel long distances to collect pure potable water. But in other parts of the earth, people do not understand the value of water. Wastage of water has become a burning issue on this planet. A large amount of water is regularly wasted by humans.
We need to prevent wastage of water to avoid this danger. Awareness should be spread among people to save water from being wasted.
Uses of water
1. Use of water in irrigation
The most important use of water is irrigation. Water is used in growing crops. If crops are not irrigated, it will not grow, and without water, irrigation is not possible.
2. Use of water in industries
In lots of industries like the steel industry, chemicals, fertilizers, electricity, textiles, petrochemicals and paper, food, Mining, etc. water is used in massive quantities for cooling purposes, making of power, cleaning purposes, bonfire armor and remaining but not to keep a record appearance of cooling.
3. Need of water for animals and for recreation
Water is essential for fish, flora and fauna, and other activity facilities. The actions like swimming, boating, fishing are necessary open-air recreational actions that are unmanageable without water.
4. Use of water in the household
Water is used in various household activities like washing, cooking, cleaning, bathing, drinking, toilet, showering, laundry, etc.
5. Use of Water as Suspension and Solvent
The dissolving process is used to wash things daily, such as human bodies, clothes, floors, cars, food, and pets. Also, human waste is transported to the sewage system only through water.
In industrialized countries, most water is used as a cleaning solvent. Water can facilitate the chemical processing of wastewater.
Need to save water
Let’s see why we need to save water. First of all, humans can live without other things in their life, but he cannot live without oxygen, water, and food. Water is the most important of these three valuable things. We have 71% water on our earth, we all know, but only 2% of water is worth drinking. This part is being used by one billion people every day. It is also estimated that by 2025 due to water shortage will be 3 Billion people will suffer. Therefore, if we save water, then tomorrow and today, this problem can be solved. For this, we have to make water safe from today itself and prevent it from going waste.
Many ways to save water
- One should always use a small glass for drinking water. It is seen that water is left in the glass while drinking water. The small glass will save water.
- If there is water left in the glass, it should be put in pots instead of throwing it.
- Similarly, water left after washing vegetables should also be put in pots, etc.
- The basket should not always be opened completely. Opening the whole basket is more water waste.
- The bucket should be used to wash any other means of going to the car.
- Bathing should be done with the bucket instead of using the shower.
- If there is leakage of the basket, it should be repaired immediately. If it is not able to cure it quickly, then keep the bucket, etc. under it.
- If possible in trees and plants, then water should be poured at night time, because by pouring water during the day, the water evaporates and flies away at night.
- In the washing machine, clothes should be washed only after a small amount of washing is collected.
- Wherever the leak leaks, get it fixed immediately. Otherwise, keep a bucket or bowl under it and then use that water.
- Use a low power washing machine. It saves water and reduces electricity. Instead of washing a few clothes in a washing machine, wash them every day.
- Instead of water pipes in plants, use a watering can, very little water is used. Up to 1000 liters of water is used in 1 hour from the pipe, which is a complete water loss. If possible, pour the washing water on the pods.
- Get a water meter in the house. According to the amount of water you use, its bill will come. While giving the bill, you will understand how much you have wasted and then take care of the front.
- While extracting hot water from the geyser, the first cold water comes in it, which we throw away. Do not do this. Fill cold water in a separate bucket, then hot water in another. You can use this water elsewhere.
- Too much water is used in the flush, so put a flush in which the water force is less.
- Always keep the drains clean, because when it is choked, a lot of water is shed to clean it. So keep cleaning beforehand.
- Plant trees so that it rains well and fills the river drains.
- Water should be protected from contamination
Save water initiative
Through the initiative, we can create awareness among the people regarding water saving. By this people will understand the importance of water. They will understand the consequences that can be created after a water shortage. An initiative can help in the conserving of water.
Thus water provides life on earth for us and other beings. Water is the gift given to us by God. Without water, you cannot even imagine life on earth, so saving water is needed for sustainable development.
Save Water – Essay 2
“I want to be like water, I want to slip through fingers but hold up a ship”
Water is life. Chemically defined as containing two molecules of hydrogen and one molecule of oxygen i.e. H2O
How much is the water content of this planet? Glancing a few statistics we get to know:-
- Earth is comprised of 70% water and 30% land.
- But quiet surprisingly the amount of usable or drinkable water is only 2.5%. Rest is present in the oceans and seas in the saline form.
- Even in that 2.5% only 1% is accessible and the rest of it maximum is trapped in ice caps and in the glaciers of Arctic and Antarctic region.
Ironically just like the earth a major portion of human body is comprised of water. Water fuels all the physical activities of human body.
- Human body is comprised of 50-65% water.
- amount of water in infant is much higher, averaging to 75-80% dropping to 65% by one year of age
- Body needs to maintain this water content equilibrium, if unbalanced it will result in dehydration, fall in blood pressure, difficulty in breathing due to lack of air dilution and finally the person might black-out.
“The earth has enough for everybody’s need but not enough for everybody’s greed” -said Mahatma Gandhi.
The deficiency of water is slowly becoming a growing concern for the society. Day by day the sources of water are diminishing in its number. Nowadays due to urbanization and the pressure of human population on land the water sources are over pressurized.
Water is a renewable source of energy. Renewable resources are those resources which can never end in other words which can be replenished. Solar energy, Wind energy are other such examples. Water available in the oceans is available in infinity.
But all of it is saline water filled with impurities. Portable water i.e. water that is fit for drinking and is free from impurities but it is a nonrenewable source. Nonrenewable resources are those resources which cannot be replenished. Once they get over they are permanently over.
Water can be categorized into a few types depending on its mineral content, drinkable quality and uses.
- Portable water- contains no harmful germs or microorganisms. Contains minerals. Usually used for drinking purposes.
- Purified water- less purified but contains no microorganisms or harmful chemicals. Mineral content is medium to high. used for household cleaning purposes
- Distilled water- also called pharmaceutical water. Contains no germs, no microorganisms, and no minerals. It is usually very blank or flat in taste.
- Spring water- it is the unpurified form of water. It contains germs, micro-organisms and minerals. It might also contain small rocks and algae. It is unfit for drinking.
Water can be tested with some of its physical qualities like:-
- suspended solids
Water is precious. We should save it to the utmost extent that we can. Here are some ways by which we can save water:-
- Turn off tap while brushing your teeth.
- Fix the leaks. Be it drain or pipe, bucket or tap fix it as soon as you encounter one.
- Choose efficient fixtures. Water saving fixtures, intelligent bathrooms is now setting new trends.
- Older shower heads can use as much as 5 gallons of water per minute.So take short showers.
- Use wastewater or gray water from the bath, washing machines or dish washing on the garden.
- Dual flush units have been quiet efficient nowadays to conserve water. We should all convert our toilet flush units to dual flush system.
Water is not only needed to homely activities such as washing, bathing, cleaning. It is also used in various spheres- industrial and commercial. It is a major key to a country’s economy. Desert areas do not develop much due to this reason.
Now we have stated the usefulness of water but coming to its degradation we see that this valuable resource is finishing fast. A time may come that there won’t be a drop left to quench our thirst. What are we gifting our future generations? Is this the world that we are developing and innovating for, where wars will be fought for water?
Along with water, food chain is also linked. Farmers can’t grow crops it the crops are not well irrigated. But if water is not available how are they supposed to grow food? Hence along with water comes in famine, food deficiency and malnutrition.
Maximum water that melts from the ice caps streams and goes into the seas through the rivers. Freshwater sources are limited. Ponds, lakes, rivers are our only sources of freshwater.
What about the creatures that survives in freshwater? Fishes, shrimps, otters, squids etc. are some of the freshwater creatures. There are secondary predators who survive on them. If primary creatures (ones that form the base of the food chain) die then the higher organisms cannot survive.
The basic of all primary organisms are plants. Plants need water to go through photosynthesis. If water is not available in adequate quantity they will shrivel up and eventually die.
If plants die there will be oxygen deficiency. Life on this planet will cease to exist. Not only have that plants transpired water vapour which cools down the surrounding atmosphere. Temperatures will rise up if the vegetation cover reduces.
Hence we have to follow a simple equation
“A drop of water is worth more than a sack of gold to a thirsty man”
So it’s high time that we straighten our chairs, sit up and do something to save this valuable resource. Every system on this planet has a threshold.
Once that is crossed it will be hard to retrieve it. Mother Nature is still waiting patiently, giving us time to realize our mistakes and correct them. The future generations that we have toiled so hard to build will perish in no time if we keep finishing their share of resources. Hence reduce, reuse, and recycle.