The environment is the surrounding where humans, plants, animals, and all other living beings exist. Lands, rivers, air, and water everything surrounding us is a part of an environment.
Everything that makes our lives possible is part of our environment. Some humans are living in a concrete jungle where they don’t care about nature, and other humans live near nature and respect it. The one living in the concrete jungle is surrounded by noise, pollution, high-buildings, etc., whereas the others who live in villages are surrounded by clean air and greenery.
Human has made many discoveries in the field of science and technology as well, but he is still dependent on the nature of food and air. The farms at the villages are the source of food we eat, and they also contribute to maintaining the balance in our ecosystem as the plantation yields oxygen and takes away toxic carbon dioxide. Nature provided all these things free of cost.
We must take measures to prevent the degradation and exploitation of our environment. If we did not make any effort to save the environment and its resources, then our existence will also be in danger.
Division of Resources
Resources can be divided broadly into two categories – Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources.
Renewable resources are resources that can be grown naturally. Water, forest, crops, etc. are the example of renewable resources. These resources can be produced and develop over a specified period. These resources are in abundance and not our concern right now.
The non-renewable resources are resources that may not be grown or renewed. These resources take billions of years to form. Coal, natural gases, oils, petrol, minerals, etc. are non-renewable resources. These resources are limited and play an essential role in our existence. The main problem is that these resources are on the verge of extinction.
Because of the increasing population, all these natural resources are also getting exhausted very quickly. The entire ecosystem needs to be balanced again. So we need to take necessary actions to monitor the use of these natural resources and its misuses as well.
In this way, we will be able to preserve them for our future generation and build a better future for them. There are many living organisms whom we cannot see with our naked eyes, also contribute to preserving nature and maintaining balance in the ecosystem. They are also part of our environment.
Importance of Environmental Protection
Our lives are surrounded by industries, malls, and tall multi-story buildings, and our primary aim is to live a comfortable life, own luxury, and show off our wealth and power. But we often forget that we depend on these natural resources.
We cannot live without air and water. We also depend on the plants and animals for the food we eat. And we are the only creatures who are intelligent enough to take measures to save these resources from ending. But then we are the same creatures who are the reason for its end.
The Need of Fresh Environment
The wealth of natural resources is limited. While renewable resources can be renewed, but the non-renewable resources cannot. We should use them precisely and conserve them for the future generation. But we are using them mindlessly like there is no future. We should take prompt steps and also spread awareness to preserve and protect the environment.
Types Of Pollution And Its Effects On The Environment
Pollution means the presence of an impurity in the environment. There are many types of pollutions. The most prominent are discussed below:
The mixture of hazardous gases like sulfur, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and other dangerous gases and dust, etc. present in the air is known as air pollution. These gases degrade the quality of air and breathing it affects health. But we cannot stop breathing, so it is time we take steps to clean and make air fit to breathe.
Due to air pollution, the ozone layer, which protects us from the direct ultraviolet rays of the Sun, has started to deplete, and a significant increase in temperature has been recorded. It is known as global warming.
If we look at history, we will find that most civilizations have their root at the banks of the river. Whether it was Harappa Civilization or Mohenjo-Daro, no life on Earth can be imagined without water. Even on Moon and Mars, scientists are searching for water, to see if there is any hope of survival.
The garbages from houses and the water-soluble chemical and the residuals of detergent and oils from factories; everything is flushed in the nearby water bodies. Hence, it contaminates the water, making it unfit for drinking. Due to these reasons, drinking water is no longer safe for humans and animals. It also causes the day to day diseases.
The use of fertilizers and pesticides sprayed for the growth of crops and to protect them from insects are increasing. It increases the amount of salt in the water, which ultimately makes the land unusable and unproductive and degrades its quality. It is known as Land Pollution.
Soil erosion has also increased due to construction houses, malls, and buildings. Builders convert the fertile land into apartments and malls for their profit. Due to this, the quality of agricultural land and the production of food degrades. As the demand is higher, lower production increases the prices of the food items.
Noise generated by vehicles and factories cause sound pollution. These are unpleasant, and the noise can hurt humans as well as animals. The unnecessary honks of cars, trucks, motorcycles, etc. are one of the prominent problems today.
The Earth has provided humans with many resources to live life comfortably. But to gain profit and in the chase of wealth and prosperity, we have degraded the quality of the environment. We must maintain freshness in the air and the purity of water. It is not only a duty of any individual but a collective responsibility of every citizen of the Earth.
First of all, we should start conserving water and try to reduce pollution. Non-renewable resources like petrol should be used more precisely. We must understand the benefits of recycling plastic products. The awareness should be spread everywhere.
Children must be taught about the benefits of nature and the importance of planting trees. Being a grown-up, we should also take measures to conserve the environment. Because only by doing this can we make the air fresh and clean. If we create too much damage to nature, then we will not be able to exist on the Earth any longer.