Rivers of India plays a very important role in the lives of Indian. Rivers provide water which people use for cultivation of crops, for the purpose of electricity and for the purpose of livelihood.
Rivers are the reason because of which large numbers of cities are situated on the bank of Rivers. Rivers also plays an important role in Hindu Dharma.
People of India consider rivers as holy. They play an important role in promoting trade and agriculture. For Indians rivers are like temple where they do prayer.
There are seven major rivers in India along with their tributaries. The largest pour system of rivers is in Bay of Bengal and some of the rivers empty themselves in Arabian Sea.
Origin of major rivers is from the following watersheds:
- Aravalli Range
- Karakoram and Himalaya Ranges
- Western Ghats and Sahyadri in western India
- Satpura and vindhya ranges and chota nagpur plateau in central part of India
Classification of rivers of India
- Rivers of North India: Rivers of north India originates from Himalayas.
Major rivers are:
- Ganga and its tributaries
- The Brahmaputra
- The Sutlej
- Ravi and Beas these are main tributaries of Indus
Rivers of South India: They originates from different mountain ranges and they are not perennial.
Major rivers of south India are:
- The Narmada
- The Tapi
- The Mahanadi
- The Godavari
- The Krishna
- The kaveri
It is the most famous river. Because of the usefulness of Ganga this river is also called as Mother Ganga. The length of Ganga River is about 2400 kms. It originates from the glacier which is called as gadgetry at Gomulka in Himalayas, also known as Gangotri glacier.
About 320 kms it flows in mountain bed and there it is called as Bhagirathi and then joins Alaknanda River at Devprayag. Ganga is the main holy river of India. It has its own significance in the hearts of Indian People. They worship river ganga as goddess Ganga.
In the plain stage the tributaries of Ganga like Rama Ganga, the Ghaghara, the Gomati, the Gander and Kaveri they all drain into Ganga from its left bank and Rivers like Yamuna, the Beta, the Chambal and the Son they drain in the right bank of Ganga.
It joins with Brahmaputra in the lower. It is known by various names. In Uttar Pradesh it is called Ganga, In Kolkata it is called Hugliu and in Arunachal Pradesh it is called as River Brahmaputra.
Ganga has been very much polluted in the name of rituals. Government is making efforts to clean and purify it.
Principle tributary of Ganga is Yamuna. From glacier Yamunotri, it originates and flows parallel to the Ganga and joins Ganga in Allahabad.
Prayag is known as the meeting point of Ganga and Yamuna.
Its length is 2880kms and originates from glacier cuff mount Kailas, from Tibet it flows from the name of Tango; it flows in Tibet around 1100kms. It joins Ganga and then falls into Bay of Bengal.
It is largest river of Orissa and its length is 858 kms. The origin of his river is in Amarkantak plateau of Madhya Pradesh and then it enters into Orissa. At false point it falls into Bay of Bengal.
It is the largest river of south India with a length of 1440 kms. From Nasik of Western Ghats, it originates. To drain in Bay of Bengal it takes eastward course.
From Rajmahendri its delta begins. The major tributaries of this river are Yen Ganga and Indrāvati.
From Western Ghats of Mahabaleshwar, it originates and then flows about 1280kms down the western Ghats. It drains into Bay of Bengal towards the east. Main tributaries of Krishna river are Tungabhadra and the Bhīma.
The Cauvery or Kaveri
From coorg it originates, it originates from mountain region. It flows about 280kms after that it falls into Bay of Bengal. In its course there is a waterfall of height 98 meters which is near Sivasarnurdam. It is also called as south India’s Ganga.
The principle west flowing rivers of India are Ganga and Tapi.
Numbers of small waterfall are rises from rivers and then they drain into Arabian Sea. Surakarta and Prewar are important rivers those are responsible for water fall.
All the big rivers are originated from some hills or mountain. After that they are fed with rain and snow. During rain most of the rivers are born and dries in summer.
These rivers give us way of life. They keep forests and fields green, they also feed mills and factories apart from land and plants. Water of river is very helpful in producing electricity and helps to trade industries.