The Constitution is a body of fundamental principles made to govern a country or a state. Indian constitution is world’s lengthiest constitution written.
The Constitution of India contains 6 fundamental rights i.e. basic rights. All the Indian citizens are given basic rights with which they can use them and can lead a peaceful life with harmony.
These Fundamental Rights are given to every Indian citizen so that they enjoy a harmonious life and live their life happily with freedom.
Right to Freedom
The right to Freedom constitutes freedom of expression and speech, association, union or assembly or cooperatives, residence, movement, and right to practice any occupation or profession, right to liberty and life, protection and offences against detention and arrest in certain cases.
In Indian constitution, the articles from 19 to 22 consist of Right to freedom.
It consists of four main laws
- Freedom to the citizens of getting assembled anywhere in India without carrying weapons or arms along with them on which some reasonable restrictions are being imposed by the government or state in the integrity and sovereignty of India and in the order for the safety and protection of the public.
- Freedom of expression and speech, on which some restrictions are being implemented by the government of India.
- The Freedom to form unions or cooperative societies or associations on which some reasonable restrictions are being imposed by the government or state in the morality and the integrity and sovereignty of India and interest of public order.
- Freedom to settle and reside in any territory or state of India, and in that also restrictions are there in order for the protection of the tribal people. And also there are limitations of the people moving and settling down in Jammu and Kashmir as they have a different constitution and according to article 370 only the ancestral citizens who are residing there before 1954 have the citizenship and not for the other states person and even not to the woman of a Jammu & Kashmir who marry a person who is not a citizen of Jammu and Kashmir.
- Freedom to travel to any part of India and as in order to control epidemics, reasonable restrictions can be implemented on this right for public safety.
- Freedom to practice any profession or occupation, according to which citizens of India can opt for any of the profession or occupation they want to go.
Advantages of Right to Freedom
Freedom has the majority of advantages only; it is very hard to say anything regarding its disadvantages.
Freedom is the most important that should be given to every citizen of a country in order to live their life which includes everything from selecting their interest on occupation and job to the practising of any religion which is the most important aspect of a person to practice the religion of their choice.
Freedom is for the allowance of the individuality, though in India individuality is seriously lacking.
However, freedom gives us the right and the choice to say and do whatever we want to do in our life irrespective of what others think. It allows doing whatever a person wants to do in his way.
A person can speak their mind, believe what they want, do what they want, buy what they want, etc. The advantages of having comparatively less freedom are security and safety.
Disadvantages of Right to Freedom
It is very much hard to say the negative effects of freedom.
Freedom is the best thing until or unless it is used in excess. It is dangerous to give an excessive amount of freedom to any person.
Freedom is needed to be the balance between the government, rules and control; otherwise, the rules that will become endangered that are made for our safeguard.
Another disadvantage of freedom is that those whose views are the preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience, they are extremely unpleasant.
Giving too much of freedom to any person can lead to more violence and such people never agrees to others morals and values and to let them obey they can create nuisance and violence.
Too much of freedom can lead to a tumultuous world. Giving too much of control to the citizens can result in loss of control over the people by the government.
As the freedom increases the fewer services are being provided to the citizens. A lot of freedom and not restricting them can lead to a situation where any person can do anything like rape or murdering etc.
All the fundamental rights are provided to every citizen of India. But due to some reasons like safety and public interest they are being restricted which leads to criticism for Constitution of India.
But the criticism is not fair because as we can see that there are some disadvantages of giving very much or open free to everyone so restrictions are necessary.
And also the restrictions are already mentioned in the Constitution itself so it’s not like that it is hidden or something.