The right to education is essentially a fundamental and universal human right. The right to education can stop bias at all levels of the educational system, stipulate minimum standards and overhaul the quality of education.
The education can then be directed towards the full development of the human resource potential of the nations. It can lead to the cementing of ties of understanding among all nations and mutual and collective respect for human rights.
Education can promote religious or racial groups and shall add impetus to international activities for the achievement of peace. Education can propagate individual freedom and lead to positive thinking of international visions.
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The Right to Education
Education is the most important thing in human life the right to education is an innate right. The Right to Education is the right to literacy and knowledge. The various types of right to education are primary education, secondary education, vocational education and higher education. Every child has the right to primary and elementary education.
To be meaningful and effective, education must be available, accessible, acceptable and adaptable. Education should be available free of cost for till the primary and elementary level without bias or discrimination on the bases of race, gender, colour, religious belief, economic status, language and nationality, ethnicity or disability.
The school should be safe, accessible and have basic amenities for its students. Education should be affordable to all and text books should either be supplied free or heavily subsidised for the students.
Higher education should be accessible and equitable for all. Persons with disabilities should be given equal opportunity as others for the same educational facilities. The teaching – learning process and methodologies of the schools should be acceptable and in adherence to values and to the national norms set by the government.
At the same time they also should providing quality education. Adaptability means the education must to be flexible and easy, sustainable and having a far – reaching impact…
The RTE Act of 2009
Right to Education is an important fundamental right in our country. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE) is an Act of the Parliament of India drafted and tabled on 4 August 2009.
It highlights the importance of free and compulsory education for children between the ages of 6 and 14 years in India under the Indian Constitution. India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child when this Act was enforced on April 1, 2010.
The Act stipulates the basic minimum procedures and rules in all elementary schools. It requires all private schools to reserve 25% of seats to children (to be financially borne by the state) so that admission into such schools cannot be denied to less privileged and non-elite classes of people.
It also prohibits donation or capitation fees and no interview of the child or parent is allowed. The Act also provides that no child shall be failed in class to class yearly promotion, or expelled, or pressurised to clear a board examination until the completion of elementary education.
There is also a proposal for special training of drop-outs from school and / or children with broken, irregular and incomplete education to bring them up to the same academic level as students of their age.
The World Bank education specialist for India, Sam Carlson, has remarked: “The RTE Act is the first legislation in the world that puts the responsibility of ensuring enrollment, attendance and completion on the Government. It is the parents’ responsibility to send the children to schools in the US and other countries.”
Education in the Indian Context
Education in the Indian constitution is on the concurrent list and both center and states can share the responsibility of the same. The RTE Act stipulates specific duties for the center, state and local bodies for the development of education in the nation.
Since many of the states have been protesting against this, giving the excuse of their lack of finance capacity to spend on education in all the schools, the central government has decided that it will of necessity offer subsidy to the states.
Today eradication of literacy is of utmost importance in our country and this can only be achieved by successful implementation of the Right to Education Act.