Water is an elixir of life. It is essential not only for survival of human beings but also for all species including plant life. Two third of our planet earth is covered with water in the form of oceans, seas, rivers and water bodies. The earth is blue in colour when viewed from outer space and that is mainly due to the existence of water in its outer surface.
We call our planet as ‘mother earth’ because millions of life forms mushroom in every nook and corner. The birds, animals, insects, marine life, trees, plants etc all depend on water for survival.
In our scriptures and mythology great importance has been attached to rivers. All our major rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswati, and Brahamputra are considered sacred and are worshipped in many parts of our country.
The rain is worshiped as god Indra. The rainbow which appears during rainy season is called Indra Dhanush. Our forefathers knew the value of water and wanted us to recognize this fact.
Among four seasons of the year, people await the onset of rainy season with great expectation. India is an agricultural state and in many states the farmers depend on rain for their crops. Even the economy of our country is largely dependent on good monsoon season.
Impact on Agriculture
The rainy season which remains active from the month of May to August in our country feeds our fields for sowing of crops like paddy and maize among others. Rice is the staple diet in many states of our country.
Good rains means good crop yield. During rainy season the rivers, lakes, wells and dams get replenished and become a source of water for rest of the year for farmers.
Impact on Dams Water Reservoirs: India has constructed many large and medium dams for irrigation purpose like Bhakhra dam, Sardar Sarover Dam, Parvati Dam.
Punjab has been termed as the grain bowl of India only because many canals from Bhakhra Dam irrigate the fields round the year not only in Punjab but also in neighbouring states as well. Even drinking water is supplied from these dams. The main source of water to these dams is rain water.
Rain Forests: Our forests are vital for rains. These forests are important for rains and wild life which are part of our ecology. If we cut the trees and destroy our forests for other development projects, it will lead to global warming and change the rain pattern. Lack of rain can lead to drought conditions harmful to life forms.
Rain water Harvesting: During rainy season a lot of water flows out to catchment areas. We need to adopt simple techniques to harvest rain water at our homes, schools, villages/towns and offices.
Floods and Cyclones: Rainy season also brings with it misery to many towns and villages due to flash floods. At many places the bridges are washed away, wild life is lost; crops are damaged due to rising water levels of rivers. There is a need to plan the flow of water so that the water could be used in a better manner.
In a country like India, good monsoon acts like booster for the economy. While making its annual budget, the govt takes into account the prospects of good monsoon during the year. We, as responsible citizens, must save water, plant trees, preserve our forests, protect rivers, and harvest rain water for our future generations.
Short Paragraph on Rainy Season
We all have fond memories of our childhood, of running out of our houses to drench ourselves in the rain. Rains have been a big part of our lives, ever since we were kids. This is because the Rainy Season is one of the major seasons in India.
It is much awaited and revered. One of India’s largest industries, the agricultural industry, is dependent on this season. Rains are a lifesaver in regions hit with drought and famines.
But rains can also be destructive in regions where floods are frequent. But what exactly is the rainy season? How is it formed? What is its impact on human life?
A brief premise
Rains are caused by the precipitation of sea water by the sun’s heats. The water evaporates, and the water vapour travel up towards the upper atmosphere. These water vapour then collect up and form clouds. Precipitation, that is the formation of water, occurs.
And then when the water becomes too heavy for the cloud to hold, it pours down in the form of rain. Rainy season in India occurs usually in the months of June to September. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are the first part of India to receive rainfall.
Rainy season in India is cause due to the Monsoon winds blowing over the Indian Ocean, carrying with it, the rains clouds as it moves.
In the mainland, Kerala is the first to receive rains. They experience the first rain fall at the start of June or a little later.
The clouds them gradually move upward with the progression of the season. Maharashtra, which is about midway of India, receive rains by mid-July.
They continue to the end of August or the start weeks of September. The North-eastern regions receive ample of rainfall.
Floods are a common phenomenon in those regions. Due to the presence of many rivers and tributaries, heavy rainfall for even a short time causes floods.
Flash floods, a sudden increase in the pace and volume of water, are a major threat in the regions. At the same time, regions to the north-west experience scanty rainfall.
State of Rajasthan had the lowest recorded rainfall in India. Droughts are imminent there. But why are rains and the rainy season so important to us? What is the effect that is has on the population? What are the consequences of too little and too much rainfall?
Impact on life
Rains are one of the most crucial seasons. Depending on the amount of rainfall, it is determined whether the state or region will face harsh conditions in the coming year. Agriculture has been one of the strong points of Indian economy.
India is considered as one of the largest agricultural countries. But that itself, is directly connected with the rainfall received.
We have recently faced many problems due to low rainfall, like the unavailability of vegetables, which lead to recession in the prices, e.g. The onion prices had skyrocketed, which lead to mass discomfort, confusion and became the bud of several jokes.
We need to obtain the right amount of rain, since too much or too little rain can have adverse and harmful effects on human life. We have seen the destruction caused due to excess rains, many a times.
The July 27 floods, Chennai floods and the Kaidarnath incident have been pivotal in demonstrating the destructive nature of rains. It not only causes loss of property and life, but also ruins crops and the fields, causing future hazards like famines.
In the areas of Rajasthan, there’s barely enough rainfall, as people over there struggle with life without adequate water.
We’ve been made aware of the climatic changes that is occurring. Global warming is in the rise. Deforestation has become uncontrollable. Factories and industries are contributing to air pollution on a global scale.
All these factors are having a direct effect on the amount of rainfall we get. People have realized this, and have started various movements to better the situation.
Tree plantation drives, rigid and strict regulations on factory emissions, promotion of more environment friendly products etc. are being carried out.
Governments have been working of rain cloud seed projects to artificially induce rainfall. But that brings us to the question, are we really ready to control weather? It’s a matter to think about.
Rainy Season (200 words)
The months of May and June are very hot in India. People are forced to remain indoors and they avoid going out unless it becomes necessary.Dust storms blow quite often. An occasional shower of rain brings much needed relief for sometimes.
It was a very hot day in June last year. There was no movement of the air. People were sweating, and to protect themselves from hot air, they had taken shelter in their rooms under fans and coolers. The sky was clear.
Suddenly, the weather changed. A dust storm blew and the sky was overcast with dark clouds. Soon it began to rain. Everyone was very happy to see that it was raining. Children ran out in streets for enjoying the showers. Cool wind began to blow, bringing great relief from the heat
All streets and drains were turned into small streams. It rained continuously for three hours. Then the clouds dispersed. We were happy to see a rainbow in the sky. Now, the weather was very pleasant