The Northern Mountain Ranges are also called Himalayan Mountain Ranges in India. Northern mountains as the name suggest are situated to the north of India. These mountains are of tectonic in origin. They have been uplifted from the sea bed. It took million of years for these mountains to achieve its current height.
Himalayan mountain ranges have the Earth’s highest mountain which is Mount Everest. Each year the height of Mt. Everest increases bit by bit. The Northern Mountains are spread about 2400 kilometres in length and 240 kilometres in breadth. It is spread widely throughout the North India.
The scenic beauties of these mountain ranges are breathtaking. The Northern Mountain ranges are intersected by valleys and plateaus – the Siwalik ranges, the Middle Himalayas and the Hirmadri or the Great Himalayas, which adds to the beauty of these mountains.
Some of the major and famous mountain peaks of the Northern Mountain Ranges are Mt. Everest, Nanga Parbat, Kanchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Badrinath etc. Northern Mountain ranges consists of many mountain ranges which together form as the Northern Mountain Ranges or Himalayan Mountain Ranges. Some of the main mountain ranges are as follows –
- Pir Panjal Range
- Dhaula Dhar Range
- Zaskar Range
- Ladakh Range
- East Karakorum Range
- Mahabharata Range
Northern Mountain Ranges are situated in the boarders of India along with the boarders of other four countries namely – Nepal, Bhutan, China and Pakistan. These mountain ranges separate these countries from each other up to certain extent. Some of the world’s major rivers originate from the Northern Mountain Ranges like Indus, Ganges etc.
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Importance of the Northern Mountain Ranges
The Northern Mountain Ranges are one of the most dominating geographical features of India. These mountain ranges are very important for the countries in whose boarders it is situated. Northern Mountain Ranges have a great impact on the life of peoples who live along these mountain ranges. The Himalayan Mountain Ranges are considered as the Body and Soul of India. The most important features of the Northern Mountain Ranges of India are as follows
Influence on the climate of India
Northern Mountain Ranges influence the climate of India majorly. It prevents the cold air current from entering India. If it wasn’t for this prevention, most part of the country have been deserted as these mountain ranges intercept the summer monsoon winds coming from the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea which prevents the country to turn into a desert with extreme climatic conditions.
Source of rivers
There are many rivers that originate from the Northern Mountain Ranges. Some of them are the Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra, Yamuna etc. The snow from these mountains melts and turns into water which is the sources of water for the rivers that originates from the Northern Mountains. These rivers have many branches which flow throughout the country and are one of the main sources of water in India.
The Northern Mountain Ranges provide the best natural defence for India from the enemies. These mountains have extremely harsh conditions sometimes which make the survival difficult and because of these the possibility of attack from this place is quite low.
It has produced a natural barrier for India for centuries and is still continuing to do so till today and as long as these mountain ranges exist, it will continue to do so.
The Northern Mountain Ranges is a beautiful place and because of its climatic conditions this place is suitable for holidays. This place is famous for its tourism. Every year, many people travel to India to visit the Himalayan Mountain Ranges and get a glimpse of Kanchenjunga peak which can be seen from a few places only in the whole region.
Some of the most important tourists’ spots are Darjeeling, Gangtok, Manali, Mussoorie, Nainital etc. The amount of tourists that come to India from outside countries to visit the Northern Mountain Range every year is quite high which adds to the domestic income of the country and the Indians that visit these places every year is also very high.
India is one of the leading producer and distributor of varieties of Tea and Coffee throughout the world. These trees can only be grown in the slopes of the hills.
In the Northern Mountain Ranges this trees are grown. Numerous numbers of tea and coffee gardens are present in the Northern Mountain Ranges. A wide variety of fruits like apples, walnuts, cherries etc. are also grown in these mountain ranges.
Storehouse of Minerals
The Northern Mountain Ranges are full of varieties of minerals like coal, iron, nickel, copper etc. Different minerals are mined from these mountain ranges. The rivers that originate from these mountain ranges are full of minerals which make this river water very fertile for growing crops.
India is a religious country and Indian people believe that the mountains are shrine of gods. Many important pilgrimage centres are located in the Northern Mountain Ranges peaks like Amarnath, Badrinath, Kailas etc. Many people visit these pilgrimages every year. These places are even famous tourist spots.
The Northern Mountain Ranges are one of the most beautiful places in India. It is also one of the most popular tourists’ destinations in the whole India. The Northern Mountain Ranges of India has many highest mountain peaks and Mt. Everest, the tallest mountain in the whole world is also situated here.
These mountains attract thousands and thousands of tourists every year. These mountains are very much important for India. Without these mountain ranges, India would have been a desert. Because of these mountains, the tourists that it attracts contribute a lot in India’s national income.
The occupations of the people that live in these regions are being tourists guide, run hotels, produce winter clothes etc. Even the women work side by side with men in this reason. The scenic beauties of these mountains are breathtakingly beautiful. People visit these places when they want a change from there day to day lives or for a vacation or to recuperate their health etc.
These mountains are also known for their dangerous roads that are made by cutting the mountains and for the dense forests. Many wildlife are found in these regions. All in all, the Northern Mountain Ranges or Himalayan Mountain Ranges are famous and important for India.