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Essay on Navratri – Best Essay for Navratri Festival (1000 Words Essay)

September 19, 2019 4 Comments


The Hindu festival of Navratri is celebrated with great pomp and splendour in India. The festival is so called as it encompasses celebrations over a period of nine nights.

Navratri is celebrated four times in a year; however, the festival that falls during the autumn season is the most popular one. This is referred to as Sharada Navratri and is celebrated in the month of September or October to honour goddess Durga.

Maa Durga

Image Credit: Source (Goddes Durga)

Navratri Celebrations across States

North-eastern and eastern states

In these regions,  Navratri is referred to as Durga Puja. As per the holy scriptures, the demon king Mahishasura ardently worshipped Lord Siva and attained immense powers. He went on to commit atrocities on people. The holy trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva combined their powers and created goddess Durga to safeguard the world from the demon.

Mahishasura was attracted to the goddess and requested her to marry him. She agreed to do so if he could defeat her in a battle. This battle is said to have lasted for nine nights, at the end of which the demon king was killed. These nine days were celebrated as Navratri.

Pandals are temporary theatrical stages that are set up in community squares and temples where Durga Puja is celebrated. During the nine days, Hindus remember their ancestors. Recitation of scriptures, family visits to pandals and temples, and processions are some of the common sights during Durga Puja celebrations in the eastern parts of India. On the tenth day, a procession marks the ceremonial farewell to goddess Durga. The clay statues are immersed in a water body and women mark their faces with vermilion.

Animal sacrifices are seen in some eastern states during Navratri celebrations.

Northern and western states

Navratri is referred to as Rama Lila or Dussehra in these regions. This symbolises the victory of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana, as indicated in the Ramayana.

Enactment of stories from the Ramayana is common during the Navratri festivities in northern India. Artists come together on temporary stages or perform within the temple premises. The audience may also participate spontaneously in these events. On the tenth day, i.e., Dussehra, effigies of Ravana, Meghanada, and Kumbhakarna are burnt. The victory of goddess Durga is also celebrated in some parts of North India, and families light a lamp at home that shines uninterrupted for all nine days.

  • Ramanavami fairs are held in parts of Bihar, where cattle, kitchenware, and handicrafts are traded in the midst of festive performances.
  • Fasting and feasting are observed in different parts of the country during this time. Performances of the Garba and Dandiya dance forms are prevalent in Gujarat during Navratri celebrations.
  • Makharotsav is celebrated in Goa during Navratri. The last night of the festival is the makhar arati, and it draws a lot of crowd.
  • The Ghatasthapana is a common celebration in Maharashtra during Navratri. Rural households place a brass jar with water on a heap of rice mounted on a wooden stool. Symbols of agriculture, such as coconut, staple grains, turmeric root, etc. are placed along with the jar. A lamp is also kept alight throughout the nine nights to symbolise prosperity.

 

Southern states 

Celebrations in the southern parts of India are centred on the victory of several goddesses or Lord Rama.

  • In Karnataka, Hindu temples and prominent sites are all lit up during Navratri. Mysuru Dasara is a popular celebration during this time, and it is marked by a royal procession. On the ninth day of Navratri, Hindus celebrate Ayudha Puja, wherein tools of livelihood and vehicles are not used. Prayers are offered to the goddesses to protect the one who wields the tool. Another popular event is the decoration of homes with art dolls known as Gombe.
  • In Kerala, books are worshipped during this time. The last day of Navratri, also referred to as Vijaya Dashami, is considered to be auspicious for Vidyarambham, an event in which a child is first initiated into reading/writing.
  • In Tamil Nadu, the festival is celebrated with the setup of Kolu displays at homes. Golu dolls depicting gods, goddesses, rural life, and animals are placed decoratively on the display unit. Friends and families visit each other to see the displays. They also exchange sweets and gifts.
  • Women create artistic flower decorations for the Navratri goddesses (Durga, Lakshmi, and Saraswati) in Telangana. These are called Bathukamma decorations. Ayudha Puja is also observed in the region.

 

In a nutshell, the festival depicts the universal theme of the victory of good over evil.

9 Durga Maa

Image Credit: Source (9 Durga Maa)

Navratri Dates

Navratri is celebrated four times a year in India, as highlighted below:

  1. Sharada Navratri – This is the most popular Navratri celebration during autumn (sharada).
  2. Vasanta Navratri – This is the second most celebrated Navratri festival and is observed during spring (vasanta).
  3. Magha Navratri – This is celebrated during the winter (magha) months, and is also referred to as Vasant Panchami.
  4. Ashada Navratri – Falling at the start of the monsoon (ashada) season, this festival is usually celebrated on a smaller scale.

Navratri – Importance of Each Day

The nine days of Navratri are usually dedicated to the nine incarnations (avatars) of goddess Durga:

  • Day 1 – Shailaputri

Shailaputri is an incarnation of goddess Parvati. Clad in red, she is depicted as the direct incarnation of Mahakali. She rides the bull Nandi with a Trishula and lotus in her hands.

  • Day 2 – Brahmacharini

Brahmacharini is another incarnation of goddess Parvati or her unmarried self, Sati. She symbolises calmness and peace and is depicted holding a japamala and kamandal. The colour code for the day is blue, as it symbolises tranquillity and strength.

  • Day 3 – Chandraghanta

Parvati, on marriage to Siva, wore the half moon on her forehead, and Chandraghanta is a depiction of this form of the goddess. The third day is associated with the colour yellow, symbolising her vivaciousness.

  • Day 4 – Kushmanda

Kushmanda is referred to as the creative power in the universe. Hence, the colour associated with this form of the goddess is green. She rides a tiger and is depicted with eight arms.

  • Day 5 – Skandmata

The mother of Lord Skanda or Kartikeya, Skandmata depicts the strength of a mother when her children are in danger. She is believed to have ridden a lion with her baby in her arms. The colour of the day is grey.

  • Day 6 – Katyayani

Katyayani is a warrior goddess and she is depicted with four arms. She rides the lion and symbolises courage; this translates into the colour orange for day 6 of Navratri.

  • Day 7 – Kalaratri

This is the most violent form of goddess Durga. This depicts the form goddess Parvati attained on removing her fair skin to destroy demons Nisumbha and Sumbha. The goddess is believed to have appeared in white attire and her skin turned black in rage. Hence, the colour of the day is white.

  • Day 8 – Mahagauri

The goddess depicts peace and optimism on this day; hence the colour associated with the eighth day of Navratri is pink.

  • Day 9 – Sidhidatri

Goddess Sidhidatri sits on a lotus and has the power of the Siddhis. She radiates wisdom and the beauty of nature and is also referred to as Saraswati Devi. The colour of this day is light blue.

Navratri Celebrations outside India

In Nepal, Navratri is often celebrated as Dasain. During this festival, families come together and honour the bond between elders and youngsters through the Tika Puja.

Note: Students from Class 3, Class 4, Class 5, Class 6, Class 7, Class 8 and Class 9 are eligible to use this Navratri essay article for your essay competition or Speech Competition, etc.  Students studying from Class 3 to Class 6 can pick 100 words, 200 words, 300 words and till 1000 words of this essay for their school project work such as Navratri Essay writing competition and Navratri Speech Competition.

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4 thoughts on “Essay on Navratri – Best Essay for Navratri Festival (1000 Words Essay)”

    1. Study Mentor says:

      Thanks..

  1. Nice content explained and systematically.

    1. Study Mentor says:

      Thanks Indradev

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