The national animal of India is the Bengal tiger. In actual terms, it is called the Royal Bengal tiger. It is found in the forest regions of India, along with Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Nepal. The Bengal tiger is an endangered carnivorous animal that can live from eight to ten years.
According to reports and surveys dating back to 2016, there are only around 2500 Bengal tigers at present, making it necessary to conserve the tiger species and pass special laws and take initiatives in this direction. It runs at an average speed of sixty kilo meter per hour.
On a scientific basis, there are totally eight types of tiger classes found in India and the royal Bengal tiger represents the national animal of India. When choosing a national animal that represents the animal species of the whole country, there are many criteria undertaken from zero to one.
The royal land majestic look that the Bengal tiger possesses is unmatched with any other animal. The high level of pride and dignity observed in these tigers cannot be found in any other animal. The richness in its looks talks about the glory of these tigers from ancient times in India and why they are so significant to our land and culture.
The Royal Bengal Tiger
The Royal Bengal tiger belongs to Kingdom Animalia and Class Mammalia. Its scientific name is panther Tigris. India is home to a big tiger population and it has been reported that almost 70 percent of the world’s tiger population lies in India.
It is such a proud thing for India and hence the concerned department should take appropriate measures for their proper conservation. The Bandipur national park in India consists of the largest number of tiger population in India.
The Bengal tigers are spread across different regions of the country and only the north eastern frontier of the country lacks in tiger population.
The Bengal tigers are highly adaptable to any kind of environment. They may be found in dry lands, rain forests, swamp areas, marshy lands, in the region of the sunderbans, wet lands, etc. that is the reason we find their distribution throughout the country and they so adapt to the environment they live in that they occupy a vast territorial region of India’s landscape.
These tigers wear a royal and powerful look on their faces, their eyes look fierce and angry, they never seem to be calm matured, their coat could be found in either dark red shades or shades of golden brown orange which gives them a resplendent royal touch.
They also bear white stripes on their coat along with a white belly under the external body covering. The stripes add to the resplendent golden look of the tiger and provide it a finishing touch. They are also famous for other visible features on the face.
They have tough whiskers, short hair all over the body, strong claws, strength in their arms and a heavy tail. They wait for their prey and can hunt them even at night times, they are known to have excellent vision even at night times, making them fit to hunt and catch their prey at any time of the day.
Their hearing abilities are something to boast of and they can hear the slightest of sounds and sense smell very well. They can senescence their prey from a long distance itself.
These tigers are never found in groups. Small cubs, in their tender days can be found loitering around together, but big tigers can very rarely be spotted together in one big group, they are scattered in their own areas and territories, they definitively regard their territories and very rarely wish to creep out of the designated territory.
Many animals are nocturnal in nature. The tiger is not a nocturnal creature. But in the broad daylight, when there is sunshine all around, the tiger happily sleeps and takes ample rest. Due to its excellent night vision, it can be often spotted to be in action during the night times.
It is usually found hunting for its prey at night times. Tigers are not only land hunters; they are excellent hunters at rivers and seas as well.
They can wade through any river in search of their prey and possess very good swimming skills. It is not rare to find tigers on trees. When the summer heat becomes unbearable on the land, the tigers climb upon trees and take a nap there.
Deers easily fall prey to tigers. Not only the innocent deers, the tigers are capable of hunting the toughest of animals, some of their easy targets are buffaloes, monkeys, rhinoceros and even elephants. The method tigers follow to hunt their prey is something very remarkable.
They hide behind trees and closed encroaches and wait for the prey to actually arrive at the scene. When the prey gets busy grazing on the land or looking at something, the tiger decides the right time to hunt.
When the prey is fully occupied in its own activity, the tiger pounces upon the prey and hits the backbone or catches the throat region, this making it impossible for the prey to breathe any longer. The tiger is a self-trained animal, full of tactics and a highly intelligent predator.
Tigers find mention in many of the ancient religious scriptures and religious texts of Hindu religion. It is the vehicle of goddess Durga. But in present days, these tigers face many problems such as poaching and extinction.
There are several people who are illegally involved in trafficking of tiger skin and selling them off to unknown lands where tiger skin and hides are used for a variety of purposes. Poaching is an illegal activity and the government ensures stringent punishment according to the Indian law.
Due to the dwindling habitats and hunting them for selfish purposes, their numbers are reducing by the day and it’s time for some effective action to be taken by the government. Strict enforcement have been made to
meet concerns regarding their safety.