India : Wiki, Area, Biography, Location, Currency, Festivals & More

February 16, 2018 0 Comment

India is the seventh largest country in the world.  The second most populated country in the world, after China. India has rich, fertile plains, snow-covered mountains, hot and dry deserts.

Mighty rivers like the Ganga, Yamuna and Brahmaputra flow through India. It also has a vast coastline. It is known for its monuments and relics.

CountryINDIA  / Hindustan / Bharat
Location20.5937° N, 78.9629° E
Area3.287 million km²
Coastline7,516.6 km
Neighboring Countries
Time ZoneUTC +5:30
Population1.311 billion (2015)
India Independence Day15th August, 1947
India Republic Day26th January, 1950
President of IndiaRam Nath Kovind
Prime Minister of IndiaNarendra Modi (Present Prime Minister)
National AnthemJana Gana Mana (written by Rabindranath Tagore)
National SongVande Mataram
National AnimalTiger
National BirdPeacock
National ReptileKing cobra
National Aquatic animalGanges river dolphin
National FlowerLotus
National GameHockey
National TreeBanyan
National FruitMango
National VegetableKaddu, Indian Pumpkin
National DrinkTea
Cereals Produce mainly
  • Rice
  • Wheat
  • Maize
  • Jowar
  • Bajra (millets)
National ColourSaffron
National LanguageHindi
SeasonsWinter season
Summer or pre-monsoon season
Monsoon or rainy season
Prestigious Awards
  • Civilian Awards – Bharat Ratna, Padma Shri,
  • Gallantry Awards – Param Vir Chakra, Mahavir Chakra, Vir Chakra
  • Literature Awards – Jnanpith Awards
  • Sport Awards – Rajiv Gandhi Khel award
  • Cinema Awards – National Film Award, Filmfare Award
  • Hinduism (79.8%)
  • Islam (14.2%)
  • Christianity (2.3%)
  • Sikhism (1.7%)
  • Buddhism (0.7%)
  • Jainism (0.4%)
  • Other religions (0.7%)
  • Religion not stated (0.2%)
Traditional DressThe clothes of our people differ from state to state.

  • Kurta Pyjama
  • Salwar kameez
  • Saree
  • Dhoti Kurta
  • Trousers / Jeans / T-shirt
Average Marriage age26 years for men and 22.2 yrs for women
CapitalNew Delhi
States and Capital /

Number of States

29 States and 7 Union Territories

Union Territories of India

  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • Chandigarh.
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
  • Daman and Diu.
  • Delhi (National Capital Territory of Delhi)
  • Lakshadweep.
  • Puducherry
Largest StateUttar Pradesh, Rajasthan
Smallest StateGoa
Largest CityMumbai
Smallest CityNCR-India
Wealthiest StateMaharashtra
Wealthiest CityMumbai
Poorest StateBihar
Poorest CityDaman and Diu
Total Number of cities4000 Cities
Total Numbers of Villages640,867 (According to 2011 census)
Lowest literacy stateBihar
Highest  literacy stateKerala
Type of Government
GDP2.074 trillion USD (2015)
GDP per capita1,581.59 USD (2015)
Number of High Courts in India24 High Courts
Total number of Political parties1703  (Since 2014)
Total number of Indian Army1.3 million (According, 2010 year estimation)
CurrencyIndian Rupee (INR)
Calling Code +91
Indian Languages
  • Hindi
  • English
  • Marathi
  • Bengali
  • Gujarati
  • Telugu
  • Tamil
  • Urdu
  • Kannada
  • Malayalam
  • Odia
  • Punjabi
  • Sanskrit
Internet TLD (Top Level Domain).in
ISO 3166 codeIN
Festivals of India
  • Diwali
  • Holi
  • Ganesh Chaturthi
  • Eid-ul-Fitr
  • Christmas
  • Navrati
  • Raksha Bandhan
  • Pongal
  • Janmashtami
  • Durga Puja
  • Dussehra
MonumentsTaj Mahal (Agra)

Qutab Minar (New Delhi)

India Gate (New Delhi)

Red Fort (New Delhi)

Meenakshi Temple (Tamil Nadu)

Charminar Mysore Palace (Karnataka)

Hawa Mahal (Jaipur)

Lotus  Temple (New Delhi)

Victoria Memorial (Kolkata)

Gol Gumbaz (Karnataka)

Golden Temple (Amritsar)

Wildlife Sanctuaries
  • 514 Wildlife Sanctuaries
  • 99 National parks
  • 41 Conservation reserves
  • 4 Community reserves
Bird Sanctuaries58 Bird Sanctuaries
Longest Railway PlatformGorakhpur railway station, Uttar Pradesh, India:1,366.33 m (4,483 ft)
Total number of Railway StationsEstimated between 8000 to 8500
Total Railway Zone17 Railway Zone
Largest Railway ZoneNorthern Railways (6807 kilometer route)
Longest RiverGanga River
Largest LakeWular Lake
Highest MountainKanchenjunga
Largest DesertThar Desert (The Great Indian Desert)
Biggest WaterfallBarehipani Falls (by height 399 m)
Biggest AirportIndira Gandhi International Airport (Delhi)
Total Numbers of Airport134 (including Domestic, International, Defence & Private )
Biggest DamTehri Dam
Tallest building in IndiaThe Imperial II (Mumbai)
Biggest AnimalIndian Elephant
Largest TreeBanyan Tree
Total number of Universities677 universities (37,204 colleges , 11443 stand-alone institutions), According to 2014 record
Richest person of IndiaMukesh Ambani
Coolest PlaceDras
Best place to Visit
  • Goa
  • Agra
  • Mumbai
  • Bengaluru
  • Jaipur
  • Ooty
  • Shimla
  • Manali
  • Darjeeling
  • Delhi
Official Website

Find out, List of First in India 

Some other aspects of India

India is a land of many deities and great people. It is the motherland of Lord Rama, Lord Krishna, Lord Mahavira, Gautam Buddha, and Guru Nanak Dev.

Great men likes Swami Dayanand Saraswati, Swami Vivekananda, Samrat Ashoka and Mahatma Gandhi were also born in India. Saints, like Kabir, Tulsi, and Surdas too had their birth here.

Many freedom fighter such as Subhash Chandra Bose, Rani Laxmibai, Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad and Lala Lajpat Rai also took birth in India. It is a Land full of diversity.

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