India : Wiki, Area, Biography, Location, Currency, Festivals & More

February 16, 2018 0 Comment

India is the seventh largest country in the world.  The second most populated country in the world, after China. India has rich, fertile plains, snow-covered mountains, hot and dry deserts.

Mighty rivers like the Ganga, Yamuna and Brahmaputra flow through India. It also has a vast coastline. It is known for its monuments and relics.

Country INDIA  / Hindustan / Bharat
Continent Asia
Location 20.5937° N, 78.9629° E
Area 3.287 million km²
Coastline 7,516.6 km
Neighboring Countries
Time Zone UTC +5:30
Population 1.311 billion (2015)
India Independence Day 15th August, 1947
India Republic Day 26th January, 1950
President of India Ram Nath Kovind
Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi (Present Prime Minister)
National Anthem Jana Gana Mana (written by Rabindranath Tagore)
National Song Vande Mataram
National Animal Tiger
National Bird Peacock
National Reptile King cobra
National Aquatic animal Ganges river dolphin
National Flower Lotus
National Game Hockey
National Tree Banyan
National Fruit Mango
National Vegetable Kaddu, Indian Pumpkin
National Drink Tea
Cereals Produce mainly
  • Rice
  • Wheat
  • Maize
  • Jowar
  • Bajra (millets)
National Colour Saffron
National Language Hindi
Seasons Winter season
Summer or pre-monsoon season
Monsoon or rainy season
Prestigious Awards
  • Civilian Awards – Bharat Ratna, Padma Shri,
  • Gallantry Awards – Param Vir Chakra, Mahavir Chakra, Vir Chakra
  • Literature Awards – Jnanpith Awards
  • Sport Awards – Rajiv Gandhi Khel award
  • Cinema Awards – National Film Award, Filmfare Award
  • Hinduism (79.8%)
  • Islam (14.2%)
  • Christianity (2.3%)
  • Sikhism (1.7%)
  • Buddhism (0.7%)
  • Jainism (0.4%)
  • Other religions (0.7%)
  • Religion not stated (0.2%)
Traditional Dress The clothes of our people differ from state to state.

  • Kurta Pyjama
  • Salwar kameez
  • Saree
  • Dhoti Kurta
  • Trousers / Jeans / T-shirt
Average Marriage age 26 years for men and 22.2 yrs for women
Capital New Delhi
States and Capital /

Number of States

29 States and 7 Union Territories

Union Territories of India

  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • Chandigarh.
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
  • Daman and Diu.
  • Delhi (National Capital Territory of Delhi)
  • Lakshadweep.
  • Puducherry
Largest State Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan
Smallest State Goa
Largest City Mumbai
Smallest City NCR-India
Wealthiest State Maharashtra
Wealthiest City Mumbai
Poorest State Bihar
Poorest City Daman and Diu
Total Number of cities 4000 Cities
Total Numbers of Villages 640,867 (According to 2011 census)
Lowest literacy state Bihar
Highest  literacy state Kerala
Type of Government
GDP 2.074 trillion USD (2015)
GDP per capita 1,581.59 USD (2015)
Number of High Courts in India 24 High Courts
Total number of Political parties 1703  (Since 2014)
Total number of Indian Army 1.3 million (According, 2010 year estimation)
Currency Indian Rupee (INR)
Calling Code  +91
Indian Languages
  • Hindi
  • English
  • Marathi
  • Bengali
  • Gujarati
  • Telugu
  • Tamil
  • Urdu
  • Kannada
  • Malayalam
  • Odia
  • Punjabi
  • Sanskrit
Internet TLD (Top Level Domain) .in
ISO 3166 code IN
Festivals of India
  • Diwali
  • Holi
  • Ganesh Chaturthi
  • Eid-ul-Fitr
  • Christmas
  • Navrati
  • Raksha Bandhan
  • Pongal
  • Janmashtami
  • Durga Puja
  • Dussehra
Monuments Taj Mahal (Agra)

Qutab Minar (New Delhi)

India Gate (New Delhi)

Red Fort (New Delhi)

Meenakshi Temple (Tamil Nadu)

Charminar Mysore Palace (Karnataka)

Hawa Mahal (Jaipur)

Lotus  Temple (New Delhi)

Victoria Memorial (Kolkata)

Gol Gumbaz (Karnataka)

Golden Temple (Amritsar)

Wildlife Sanctuaries
  • 514 Wildlife Sanctuaries
  • 99 National parks
  • 41 Conservation reserves
  • 4 Community reserves
Bird Sanctuaries 58 Bird Sanctuaries
Longest Railway Platform Gorakhpur railway station, Uttar Pradesh, India:1,366.33 m (4,483 ft)
Total number of Railway Stations Estimated between 8000 to 8500
Total Railway Zone 17 Railway Zone
Largest Railway Zone Northern Railways (6807 kilometer route)
Longest River Ganga River
Largest Lake Wular Lake
Highest Mountain Kanchenjunga
Largest Desert Thar Desert (The Great Indian Desert)
Biggest Waterfall Barehipani Falls (by height 399 m)
Biggest Airport Indira Gandhi International Airport (Delhi)
Total Numbers of Airport 134 (including Domestic, International, Defence & Private )
Biggest Dam Tehri Dam
Tallest building in India The Imperial II (Mumbai)
Biggest Animal Indian Elephant
Largest Tree Banyan Tree
Total number of Universities 677 universities (37,204 colleges , 11443 stand-alone institutions), According to 2014 record
Richest person of India Mukesh Ambani
Coolest Place Dras
Best place to Visit
  • Goa
  • Agra
  • Mumbai
  • Bengaluru
  • Jaipur
  • Ooty
  • Shimla
  • Manali
  • Darjeeling
  • Delhi
Official Website

Find out, List of First in India 

Some other aspects of India

India is a land of many deities and great people. It is the motherland of Lord Rama, Lord Krishna, Lord Mahavira, Gautam Buddha, and Guru Nanak Dev.

Great men likes Swami Dayanand Saraswati, Swami Vivekananda, Samrat Ashoka and Mahatma Gandhi were also born in India. Saints, like Kabir, Tulsi, and Surdas too had their birth here.

Many freedom fighter such as Subhash Chandra Bose, Rani Laxmibai, Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad and Lala Lajpat Rai also took birth in India. It is a Land full of diversity.

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