Seasons in India are called Ritu. While most of the western countries organizes the year calendar based on various solstices, in south Asian countries India, Nepal, Sri Lanka etc. seasons are divided in 6 categories.
In the most northern region of this continent season’s difference is more definite. This is very ancient calendar dating system, back from Vedic period of Hindu culture.
The seasons are same but naming in different parts of India is different.
Indian region has 6 seasons and from north, east, south calendars these are follows
- Vasanta (Spring)
- Grishma (Summer)
- Varsha (Monsoon)
- Sharada (Autumn)
- Hemanta (pre-winter)
- Shishira (winter)
Spring season named as vasanta ritu and considered as king of seasons and hence sometimes called as “Rituraj” as per vedic astrology. This season is neither so cool nor so hot in most of the areas in India. Nature offers many gifts in this season.
In the beginning of the season, the wind starts to blow in a pleasant manner and one can feel the breeze by refreshing state of mind and body.
The villages seems to be inflated with greenery and decorated with beautiful flowers. Honeybees hum in the greenhouse all day long and birds chirp. Creepers and trees flanked with attractive flowers. Springtime is treated as most lovely season of all by many people.
Summer is also called as Grishma ritu as per Hindu calendar. In this season gives no mercy on earth mostly in tropical region of earth and bombards with his hot and sparkling rays.
All pools, streams, wells and tanks dry up, so much of sunlight will impact human life on earth and flora & fauna as well. This is the right time for fruits to get ripen properly.
In India mainly mangoes get ripen in various varieties and in much number. General temperature would be found in this season in the range of 30° to 43° C and some parts of India sometimes it reaches up to 49° C. In Himalayan region
You’ll find it around 20° C. In summers, the day has more hours than night because of this long day it becomes very difficult to survive the day. And in addition to this in afternoon sun is right on top of our heads generating more heat than other seasons.
Animals also look for shades of threes or shelters because it unbearable for them too. And in mid-summer it sometimes happens that water shortage problems may arise which wouldn’t be for a longer time.
Monsoon or Rainy (June-August)
Also called Monsoon ritu. This season appears to be more beautiful of among all seasons in India as it showers water in heavy quantity. In fact, farmers wait for this season as it brings waves of joy and happiness in form of rain drops which helps in wetting the crop fields to grow with favorable conditions.
Ponds, wells, lakes that dried in summer become filled with water. The happiest animals during this season are Frogs and Peacocks and they make sound in their happiness, looks like they sing to the rain.
Land becomes wet and this is also good for cultivation of new crop and hence a new crop of crop cycle is cultivation.
Autumn (August- September)
Early autumn is also known as Sharada ritu. This is called as the “season of flowers” and imports the mellow fruitfulness. Everybody enjoys a joyful mood, sky look blue with patchy clouds that looks pleasant during this season. We feel like sky is spreading rays of happiness using sunlight.
Rains will be noticed sometimes during the monsoon wherein the water overflows into rivers and cannels. Water storage can be arranged as water flows at moderate speed.
Winter (September -December)
Winter season is also named as Hemanta Ritu. There is a gusty cold that declares the arrival of winter. In contrast to summer, night happens to be longer than day as the north wind impacts over the country.
It is observed that the mornings are found to be freezing and around half an hour of sunlight would give us a level of comfort. From 23rd Sept. to 21st Dec.
This is also known as “the season of return of Monsoon”. In this season little water drops in night can be observed on the grass called as Dew. Vegetables grow in big number.
It is a moderately cool time of year in this warm south Asia region, and trees may even shed their leaves during winter.