Good morning honourable Principal, respected teachers and all my dear friends.
As we all know that 15th of August is celebrated as the Independence Day of India, this is the most remarkable day in the history of India.
On 15th August 1947 India got its freedom from the British rule after a long struggle for independence.
The British East India Company from United Kingdom came to India and established their dominion over India by the 18th century.
The Indians were oppressed under the harsh rule of the British, they were marginalized and forced to be slaves and labour in their own homeland, the harsh oppression by British ignited the spark for the struggle to fight for freedom from these harsh rulers.
The British ended all the Mughal and other royal lineage in India by defeating the emperors that were ruling different parts of the nation.
The Indian Independence Movement started in May 1857 , the Indian soldiers and people revolted against the British rule and from then the rebellion against the British rule grew and more and more people started joining this struggle for freedom of their homeland.
The British tried to suppress the rebellion and tried to maintain their rule over Indian territory.
Many great leader stepped forward to ignite the rebellion like Lala Lajpat Rai, Mangal Pandey , Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi, Tatya Tope, these were some of the first freedom fighters , their bravery and love for their homeland inspired others to fight against the British rulers and soldiers.
Many great leaders like Swami Vivekananda, Rabindranath Tagore, Dadabhai Naoroji etc. , emerged to reform and fight against the oppression and other social evil practices that plagued the country .
They also spread awareness to make India free from dominance of foreign rulers.
Lokmanya Tilak declared that “Swaraj is my birthright” this moved the hearts of the people and inspired many people to join in the fight for freedom.
Indian National Congress was formed by well educated leaders and gradually it grew to include people who fought for freedom of India.
The war Independence was won by the great leadership of prominent and influential people like Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose , Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhagat Singh, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Chandra Shekhar Azad , Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Mahatma Gandhi and many more.
We owe them for the freedom that we experience in India at the present age, they sacrificed everything for the love of their homeland, to set their people free from foreign rule.
Without them the fight for freedom would not have been successful.
Among these one of the most prominent leader was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who spread the message of non-violence and peace.
He believed in peaceful display of rebellion and civil disobedience movement like Dandi March , that gave a whole new direction to the fight for freedom, this led to a breaking of unfair laws in peaceful manner in protest against the British rule.
Finally the “Quit India movement” started in 1942 by the leaders of Indian National Congress Party and Gandhi ji’s slogan “do or die” became a national phenomena .
After a long struggle for freedom India was granted formal political Independence in 1947 and the Indian National Flag was hoisted on the red fort in Delhi.
And every year since then we celebrate 15th August as the Independence Day to remember and honour all the brave martyrs who paid the price of our freedom with their blood.
This day is celebrated with feelings of sheer patriotism and honour for our nation and all the people who contributed to its independence and establishment.
The President of India addresses the Nation on the eve of Independence Day and on 15th august the Prime minister of India hoists the National Flag in the Red fort.
Twenty –one gun shots are fired in honour of this day and the National Anthem is sung and march past is led by the Indian Armed Forces and cultural parades are also led.
This day is celebrated with joy and love across the country in schools, colleges and governmental and non-governmental institutions, after all this day is of national as well as of personal significance for every citizen of the country.
And as we remember the struggle for freedom and the joy that followed after achieving it, our hearts swell with love for our beloved country and we always remember the precious price so many people paid to achieve it.
So let us all pledge to carry on the rich and brave legacy that we have and continue to selflessly give ourselves for the growth, development and protection of our country, our India.
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Short Speech on Independence Day (150 Words)
Respected Principal, Teachers and my fellow friends.
Today is a day of great importance to all Indians. This is the day we celebrate our freedom as a nation.
While we remember those great stalwarts who made many sacrifices to make this freedom possible for us, we should also pause to reflect on what this freedom means to us and what use we are making of it.
Freedom does not mean that we can do anything we want without regard for others. Freedom does not mean that we can earn money by hook or by crook, we can indulge in corrupt practices.
The freedom is that we are free to do anything like a school break, but after break we automatically comes into discipline so in that manner we should understand what is freedom.
I urge all my students not to misuse this freedom. Freedom is a gift and must be cherished. Our forefathers fought bravely to achieve it.
Freedom is their gift to us. Let us do them proud and take this nation forward to the most successful of glory.