The Directive Principles of State, Fundamental Rights, and Fundamental Duties are certain sections our Constitution which explains the fundamental obligations among our State in order to motivate its citizens towards the duties of every citizen of that State.
These sections comprise bill of rights of our constitution for policy making and conduct of citizens. These sections have highest importance in our constitution, which was formed in earlier 1947 and 1949 by our Constituent Assemble.
The fundamental duties were amended in 42nd Amendment Act in 1976 for the citizens of India.
Fundamental duties were meant to respect Indian national symbols, to respect its heritage and history, Constitution of India and provide assistance in its defense.
It was aimed to enlighten all citizens of India towards equality among all individuals, protect the public property and our surroundings and environment.
Our family is whole country and its citizens; it’s our prior duty to respect other people caste, religion, and creed. It motivates us to maintain scientific temper and to renounce violence. It moves towards excellence and to provide compulsory and free education to all citizens of India.
These are meant to act as the moral obligations for all citizens in order to motivate one and all towards the spirit of patriotism and to maintain country’s unity.
These duties are mentioned in Part IV-A of our Constitution which concerns individuals and the whole nation. Like Directive Policies; they are not meant to enforce by Indian law.
Certain fundamental duties are as follows
- To respect the constitution and follow its institutions and ideals, the national anthem and the national flag.
- To follow and cherish the noble ideas which motivates us towards our integrity for struggle of freedom.
- To protect and uphold the unity, sovereignty and integrity of India.
- To protect the country from outside and inside attacks which destroys citizens of India mentally and physically; render national service when there is need to do so.
- To promote the spirit and harmony of common brotherhood towards all the citizens of India irrespective of linguistic, religion and regional or diversities created by different sections; to promote the dignity of women which is very important for a country like India.
- To preserve and value the rich heritage of our cultures which is composite of different sectors of society.
- To improve and protect the natural resources provided in our environment including lakes, forests, wild life and rivers and to have compassion towards living creators.
- To develop the humanism, scientific temper and the spirit of reform and inquiry.
- To stop the violence and safeguard our own public property.
- To motivate one and all towards the excellence in all spheres of collective and individual activities in order to gain more higher levels of achievement and endeavor continuously.
These are the ten fundamental duties which were written in Article 51-A of our constitution. New fundamental duty i.e. 11th was included in the 86th amendment of our constitution in 2002.
It has been stated that every citizen who is either a parent or guardian, shall provide best opportunities of education to their child or ward who are in the age bracket of six and fourteen years. Basically, citizens of India are motivated by our constitution to fulfill these duties.
Relationship between Directive principles, Fundamental Rights and Fundamental rights
The Directive Principles are meant to uphold the dignity of Constitutional validity in case of a misunderstanding among the Fundamental Rights.
The fundamental duties are meant for each citizen of this country and subjected to the State in order to enforce the same under the guidance of valid law. The Supreme Court of India has also issued certain directions to all the State to make the effective provisions and making individual citizen to respect their duties.