Why Fuel Conservation is Important | Short Essay (850 Words)
Fuel is a general term given to any source of energy drives a system to produce profitable results. In this world of ever-growing population and their exponentially growing demands, all forms of fuel of utmost importance. Fuels can be broadly classified into two groups:
- Renewable Fuel Sources – like Solar, Wind, Tidal, BioGas, etc.
- Non-renewable Fuel Sources – fossil fuels like petrol, diesel, coal, kerosene, etc.
What is conservation of fuel?
Due to this increasing demand of population, production of goods and other amenities require equally increasing amount of fuel. This has led to an imbalance in the equilibrium of nature where the fuel reserves left are not adequate and will run out before the adequate time needed to form new fuel reserves.
Fossil fuels in particular fall in this category where, today, it has reached such stages that now it requires saving from man. The greedy Homo sapiens mind if allowed to do so will deplete all the fossil fuels by no longer than 2060 according to a report. It is mainly the fossil fuel that needs conservation, because more or less all other sources of fuel are virtually inexhaustible.
How is fossil-fuel formed?
Fossil fuel forms when buried flammable geologic deposits of carbon-containing materials including decayed plants and animals are exposed to high temperature, heat, and pressure conditions excessive piling of layers of sedimentary rocks over them.
However this process is not as easy as it appears to be and it takes millions of years to accomplish. So if we degenerate our previous reserves of fossil fuel at a rate faster than its formation, breaking the ecological balance and thus a catastrophe is inevitable.
Fossil Fuels and their indiscriminate use
In today’s world we use fossil fuels almost in everything around us, literally, from our show polish to our car fuel, all of them has a fossil fuel base.
- Petrol, diesel, used in cars are fossil fuel derivatives.
- Kerosene, methane gas, used as a fuel too comes from fossil fuels.
- Coal used in thermal power plants to generate electricity.
- Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) is a cleaner source of fuel but is also fossil-fuel derivative.
- Liquefied Natural Gas (LPG) used in domestic and large scale cooking purpose comes from fossil fuels too.
Only reason, that fossil fuels are widely used in almost all walks of life is because of its ease of use and low cost. Transportation and distribution of fossil fuels is also convent through simple pipes and tanks and so business enterprises have capitalized on it for making easy profits.
One of the foremost steps for the beginning of a sustainable lifestyle model for us is to conserve fuel.
Today, more than 80% of the world’s energy needs are met by the use of fossil fuels. Nobody seems to care about the tomorrow. This reckless behaviors has many other implications too that in turn can lead to major damages to the ecological balance of the earth.
A relatively influential section of our society has however identified this problem of fossil fuel use and eventually the risk of it depletion and are working to make a world with minimum fossil fuel intervention. The various steps taken to conserve fuel are:
- We should employ the use of more and more solar panels in places where sunlight is available in abundance, like for street lights. Solar energy gives us the best of both worlds because these solar energy systems not only reduce fossil fuel consumption but also bring down our electricity bill and is an everlasting and virtually free source of inexhaustible energy.
- Promotion of alternative sources of energy as a viable option is a must, be it in the form of government schemes, subsidies, advertisements, or celebrity endorsements.
- Rooftop solar heaters are a very effective for central heating as well as water heating purposes.
- The use of newer Light Emitting Diode (LED) technology bulbs and lamps instead of the archaic halogen and incandescent lights can cut down fossil fuel consumption to as much as half.
- Buildings should be designed to get as much natural lighting during daytime as possible which will bring down electricity consumption by a large margin and is also economical as this saves a lot of energy.
- Systems for harnessing wind energy by means of turbines are an excellent alternative to fossil fuel. Netherland has the highest amount of wind turbine electricity generation producing as much as 3,431 MW of electricity per annum.
- Tidal energy harnessing systems are also extremely viable alternatives to fossil fuel consumption.
- International pacts like the recent Paris Climate Deal saw over 200 nations pledging to end the fossil fuel era and usher in a new age of renewable and sustainable energy sources.
- Scientists have calculated that the world energy need has been doubling every fourteen years and the increase in this need is occurring at an accelerated speed.
- It has also been estimated that world crude oil demand will be at an astronomical high in the next 5 years and thereafter fall because of shortage.
- Biodiesels manufactured from plant sources are currently being promoted in new countries as they are a cleaner source of fuel and an excellent alternative to hydrocarbon diesel.
- Indigenous ‘Gobar Gas’ plants, that utilize cow dung to produce flammable gases, which finds use as cooking fuel, are also a marvelous technique of exiting renewable energy to our advantage and mitigating the overuse of fossil fuel from LPG
- And lastly, simple practices like switching off lights and fans in empty rooms can also contribute a fair bit in conservation of fossil fuel.
If we reduce the use of fossil fuels, our carbon footprint will also decrease thus leading to a healthier future for us as well as our future generations.
As the fossil fuel stores diminish overtime, people will turn to renewable sources of energy and it will come under the radar of shrewd marketers who will then raise the prices of the machinery required to harness this renewable energy, thus leading to an economic disparity in the market and also may risk eventual monopoly.
Thus we should start sooner or else we will regret when there will be no alternative left and it will all be futile.