Arvind Ghosh was born on 15 August 1872 in Calcutta, Bengal province, India, to the home of Krishnadhan Ghosh (father) and Swarnalata Devi (mother). He got an atmosphere of western culture in his family because of this. He was very good at speaking English, although he also learned the Hindustani language to talk to his friends. Sri Arvind was born into a prosperous and modern Bengali family where his father always gave priority to British culture. He was sent to Loreto House Boarding School in Darjeeling to learn the English language to improve language skills.
After that, he was sent to England for further education (after his education from Darjeeling, Loreto Convent), where he studied at St Paul’s School in London and received a senior classical scholarship. Later in 1890, he joined King’s College of Cambridge in London.
Shri Arvind Ghosh was the most famous philosopher of modern India. He was also a leader of the Indian independence movement for some time and, later became a yogi, guru, and mystic. After completing his education from abroad, he returned to India and joined Indian culture, religion, and philosophy. He also learned Sanskrit in India. Later, he joined the independence movement of the country against British rule.
He was involved in various activities when the Indian people were being requested to stop and stay away from the programs of British rule and the use of foreign goods. For the activities of his Swaraj, he was captured and put in jail by the British rule in Alipore for a year in 1910.
During his captivity, he had a spiritual experience that greatly influenced him and took him on the path of becoming a yogi. After imprisonment, he went to Pondicherry and established an ashram. He successfully published a philosophical magazine called “The Arya,” in which he referred to his famous writings, such as The Synthesis of Yoga, The Ideal of Human Unity, and The Life Divine.
His education philosophy
Arvind believed in true education, which can develop the inherent powers of man. He considered education as an essential requirement for human beings. The aim of education is the harmonious development of all the parts of the body. Physical defects and deformities can be improved by education. His four levels of educating the mind were prominent – 1. Chitta, 2. Manas, 3. Wisdom, and 4. Extreme Conscience.
In the child’s curriculum, he gave importance to religious and yoga subjects along with the moral ideals of great characters. Along with geometrics, jurisprudence, economics, and politics, philosophy also gave importance to nationalism, internationalism, women’s education, technical education. The role of the teacher should be that of the director, not of the preacher.
He also knew psychology, along with superior character qualities. He considered celibacy, discipline, respect for teachers, and humanitarian character among the students as mandatory. His views on discipline are idealistic. These were his thoughts, with the school being the center of physical and spiritual development.
His nationalist views
Shri Arvind was an extreme nationalist. He was a staunch opponent of liberal British rule. He became fully active during the Bang-Bhang movement in 1905. He edited a magazine called Vande Mataram, Karmayogin, due to his revolutionary articles published in which the British government prosecuted him. He was jailed for a year in 1908 in the Alipur bombings case. While in jail, his spiritual power developed such that he moved towards yoga practice.
On his release from Alipore Jail, he retired from politics and moved away from the British border to the Pondicherry Ashram on 4 April 1910. While living here, he was twice invited to chair the Indian National Congress, which he declined.
In 1914 he started the publication of Arya magazine, a symbol of philosophy and spirituality. In 1926 he established the Pondicherry Ashram. In this ashram, I continued to practice all-round yoga for 24 years. During this time, the French lady Meera Richard took over the ashram. She lived a life in her ashram as Mataji.
Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was one of the most popular philosophers of modern India. For some time, he was also a leader of the Indian independence movement who later became a yogi, guru, and mystic. After completing his studies from abroad, he returned to India and became involved in Indian culture, religion, and philosophy.
Youth life of Sri Aurobindo Ghosh
Inspired by patriotism, this young man deliberately refused to take the cavalry test and was determined to serve the nation. The King of Baroda was highly impressed by his talent, so he appointed him as an educationist in his princely state. In Baroda, these professors, vice principals, private secretaries, etc. were doing qualifications, and during this time, thousands of students were made patriotic patriots.
From 1896 to 1905, he served as a revenue officer and vice-president of Baroda College in Baroda principality. The revolutionaries were also trained in the princely army. He had begun thousands of youths to the revolution.
He did not keep account of private rupees and money. Still, by working in the Revenue Department, the World Economic Development Plan which he had prepared, Baroda state became the second most in the princely states. The Maharaja was invited to inaugurate the annual industrial exhibition of Mumbai.
When Lord Curzon planned to disband, the whole country was stunned. When there was a fierce movement to protest against it in Bengal, Arvind Ghosh actively attacked it. He also contributed significantly to the establishment of National Law College. He worked there for only 45 rupees a month. Despite needing money, he chose the path of difficulty. When Arvind came to Calcutta, he was stationed in King Subodh Malik’s Alika. But the public was hesitant to meet. So they surprised everyone and came to 19/8 Chaku Khansama street.
He started the Swadeshi movement in Kishoreganj (present-day Bangladesh). Now he wore only dhoti, kurta and chadar. After that, he also broke away from the national school and started publishing the fire-based magazine Bande Mataram (magazine).
He also learned Sanskrit in India. He later joined the country’s independence movement against British rule. He was involved in the activity when the Indian people were requested to ban and abstain from all foreign goods and programs of British rule. For his Swaraj activities, he was arrested and imprisoned for a year in 1910 by the British rule at Alipur.
During his imprisonment, he got a spiritual experience, which greatly influenced him and inspired him to become a yogi. After his imprisonment, he went to Pondicherry and established an ashram. He successfully published a philosophical journal called “The Arya,” in which he referred to his famous writings such as ‘Synthesis of Yoga,’ ‘The Ideal of Human Ideal,’ and ‘The Life Divine.’