Pollution is the biggest issue that our planet is facing right now. The word pollution means the degradation of any natural resource like the land, water, and the air by contaminating it by various means.
Humans are highly responsible for every kind of pollution that exists today. Earlier only air pollution was known, but today along with air, water, land, and even noise pollution is known. With an increase in human’s greed and ambition, human has indiscriminately increased the level of pollution out the planet earth.
The earth was beautiful and green at the beginning of civilization.
With an increase in population and growth in industrialization, the weather condition also damaged. It is also because of pollution. We see less rainfall in the rainy season, scorching heat in summers, and even unbearable cold in winter. These all are due to the increase in pollutants and pollution in the atmosphere.
Effects of Pollution:-
Pollution affects human life more than it is realized. The effect of pollution is not seen immediately, but it takes time to show its effect. Like, let us say pollution is the virtue by which various diseases born day by day. For example, maximum lung disease is caused by air pollution.
So the human lung may not have damaged in a single day, but with time it becomes small, and the absorption of oxygen level shortens. Hence makes the person ill. Asthma, SARS, etc., all these diseases, the primary source is the increase of gases like carbon, sulfur, etc., in the air.
Our eyes can’t see the presence of these gases, but they exist, and ill-effect can be felt in our bodies. Another dangerous effect of pollution is global warming. With the various poisonous and other gases reacts with other in the air and form the different class of carbon-oxides like carbon monoxide, carbon dioxides, carbon tetra oxides, etc. The increase in the number of carbon dioxide results in global warming.
The presence of carbon monoxide is still hazardous. Many small creatures like insects and little birds die, even inhaling carbon monoxide, as it is a very poisonous carbon compound.
To the next level of ignorance, human polluted water bodies in the name of growth in industrialization. As we know, the primary industry established near the water bodies since the supply of products is accessible from there. Also, the dumping of industrial wastage is easy.
The acidic and liquid wastage is directly transported to the water available. Hence these contaminate the source of water in the location of the industry. Both industrial and home waste is dumped mercilessly in water. It creates a shortage of drinking water availability.
Moreover, the way wastage dumped over the land makes it infertile, and due to soil decomposition, the area becomes toxic. In this way, the infertility rate of land increases day by day. It may result at the end of fertile land, and that day I am afraid, growing crops will become impossible.
These are some of the many ill-effects of pollution over the land, water, and air. If pollution is not checked and brought under control, the lives on the earth become impossible. It may not be an exaggeration that lives on the planet is in an alarming situation, and we have to take some measures to control pollution soon.
Types of Pollution
The contamination of air with hazardous gases like sulfur, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and other dangerous gases and dust, etc. is known is air pollution. These gases degrade the quality of air, and breathing them is havoc on health. But we cannot stop to breathe in, so the need of the time is to make our air clean and fit to breathe in.
Due to air pollution, the ozone layer, which protects us from the ultraviolet rays of the Sun, has started depleted. Because of which a significant increase in temperature has been recording, which is commonly known as global warming.
If we look at history, we will find that most civilizations have their root at the banks of the river. Whether it is Harappa Civilization or Mohenjo-Daro, all started their journey with the blessing of our water bodies. No life can exist without water on the earth’s surface. Even on Moon or Mars, scientists are searching for a trace of water, to examine the hope of life. Our Mother Earth has provided us the source of experience in the face of Waterbodies.
The garbage from houses and societies, the water-soluble chemical from factories, the residuals of detergent and oils, all of it is thrown in the water bodies like pond or river nearby. Hence it contaminates the water, making it unfit for drinking. Due to these reasons, drinking water is no longer safe for humans and animals. It also causes diseases related to digestion.
With the increase in the number of fertilizers and pesticides such as DDT spraying for yielding of crops, protecting them from insects, and using water with a high quantity of salt in it makes the land unusable and unproductive and degrade its fertility. It is called Land Pollution.
Soil erosion has also increased due to the construction of concrete jungles and deforestation. Builders for their gain convert the fertile land into unfertile land and build apartments and malls. Due to this, the agricultural land demonizes and minimizes production in terms of agro-products every year, making the daily chores expensive.
Noise generated by vehicles and factories causes noise pollution. These are unpleasant, which may hurt humans and animals seriously. The unwanted honks of cars, motorcycles, etc. are one of the prominent problems today.
How to reduce pollution?
With the discussion made above, we may not understand the harmful and dangerous effects and results of pollution can be. Be it is due to industrialization or modernization of society, pollution can never be fruitful in the future.
We must preserve good air quality, water sustainability, and land fertility for our future generation. For this, we must check our habits to stop the spread of pollution in all its form.
First of all, what we can do is the use of public transport or carpool or the use of bicycles to our daily conveyance to office or market place. It will result in less emission of harmful gases and smoke in the air, and air pollution can be controlled along with the noise created due to honks of the vehicles that can also be controlled.
The government must prevent the dumping of industrial wastage in water bodies. It would help in keeping drinking water safe. Further, at the individual level, we must learn to reuse and recycle. The poly bags must be reused to its strength and then recovered with the help of various recycling methods so that It may not contaminate both the water and the land.
There must be a check on the use of fertilizers. The excess use of fertilizers not only depletes the land’s fertility but also make crops unfit for consumption.
With the use of the methods mentioned above, we may succeed in controlling the pollution to a great extent. So, all of us must take a stand and become a voice for the unheard to make this earth pollution-free.