Table of Contents
Environment Essay 1
The humans, air, water, nature, animals, the eco framework we live in – all comprise the environment. Clean condition is a lot of important for a stable and prosperous society. The vegetation, amphibian life, every living species, including people, are profoundly influenced by the state of nature they live in. Subsequently, a perfect domain is undoubtedly a lot more critical for a sound ecological framework.
Our environment is becoming unsuitable for life. We are creating every kind of pollution, and it is degrading the quality of our life. We have to take significant steps to clean it; otherwise, a day will come when the earth will become lifeless.
Importance of Clean Environment
A perfect domain is significant for the wellbeing and success of the general public and a nation as a whole. It is one of the fundamental necessities for the resemblance of life on earth. Here are a few focuses portraying why the condition is vital for us:
- Any living species, including plants, creatures, people, and sea life, can’t live amid the waste.
- They all need a stable and clean condition to live.
- A messy domain offers an approach to maladies and a lopsided eco framework and considerably more.
- The messy condition brings about the consumption of natural assets making endurance of every single living structure.
- A general public that drinks contaminated water or breathes in polluted air can get sick. Unsanitary condition adversely affects the eco framework and the vegetation.
Reasons For Environmental Damage/Environmental Pollution
Harm to the earth by human exercises like industrialization, deforestation, urbanization, etc. contributes enormously to ecological contamination.
We have heard a lot lately about the requirement for a spotless situation and the means that must be taken for the decrease of ecological contamination for a comprehensive and sound environmental framework. A portion of the prime components prompting a harmed domain are described below.
Production of Harmful Gases
Gases, for example, CO2 (Carbon dioxide, CO (Carbon monoxide), NH3 (Ammonia), do a lot of harm to nature. Human exercises like consuming petroleum derivative, concrete creation, and so on bring about the emanation of CO2 gas.
Then again, the significant abundance of NH3 emanation is in the horticulture area, where a high quantity of salts based composts are utilized. NH3 has a critical job in the creation of Atmospheric Particulate Matter (APM), draining the quality list of breathable air.
Man’s unquenchable want to extend his riches and limits have to lead to absurd deforestation. One of the significant impacts of deforestation is the expansion in the degree of emission of carbon dioxide. Chopping down woods add more to global temperature. Deforestation brings about global atmosphere changes and exhaustion in decent biological diversity.
Increment in mechanical movement, especially the mining industry, adds to natural contamination. The mining industry brings about the discharge of RPM (Respirable Particulate Matter) into the climate. This RPM present in the atmosphere can go to our lungs as we inhale, influencing our respiratory work, additionally bringing ailments like asthma by diminishing the productivity of lungs.
Transportation brings about consuming fuel around the world and its discharge of destructive gases, for example, Carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O). Surveys have demonstrated that on-street vehicles add to 33% of the air contamination that produces smoke and results in the discharge of ozone-depleting substances.
The ozone layer is liable for the insurance of all the beings on earth. The ozone layer protects us from the ultraviolet rays of the sun. Direct ultraviolet rays can cause many skin-related diseases like skin cancer.
Different human exercises, for example, utilization of unchecked Air Conditioners, pesticides, etc. brings about the emanation of ODS (Ozone Depleting Substances), also called auxiliary toxins. A hole has been created on the ozone layer due to the increased use of these toxins.
With the increasing population, the demands also increased. Deforestation is one of the results of the growing population as more place is required to construct homes for the people.
It also affects the consumption and production of agriculture. The use is higher than production in India. It is one of the reasons for poverty in the country. We cannot feed the poor as our production rate is not as high as the consumption rate.
We have been littering and making it tough to clean our environment. It spreads foul smell all over the place, and it becomes the home of flies and mosquitoes. Then it spreads diseases. We have to keep our environment clean to be healthy. A clean environment will also bring happiness.
Steps to a Clean Environment/How to Protect and Save our Environment
Necessary steps must be taken to clean the land to prevent it from harm. Following are some significant steps that should be taken to protect our environment-
Diminish Your Electricity Usage
We should minimize the use of electricity by switching off the lights or fans when they are not needed. We can also opt for clean fuels like solar panels to produce electricity. It will not only keep the environment clean, but it will also reduce your electricity bill.
Less Use Of Private Vehicles
Our vehicles produce carbon dioxide when it starts. It’s the most significant source of pollution. The smoke produced by cars can irritate the eyes as well as cause breathing problems.
We cannot stop using vehicles, but we can use its alternative, that is, electric vehicles. Or you can opt for carpooling and save the environment.
We need to save our environment as much as we need clean air to breathe. The environment keeps us alive, so we must do our best to keep it clean. The trees give us oxygen and take away the carbon dioxide that is toxic to us.
But our daily activities are increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and reducing oxygen. We can balance it by planting more trees. We can also aware others about its importance and encourage them to plant more trees.
Our government is also making lots of efforts to reduce pollution and clean our environment. We should help the government by being a responsible citizen and do our best to keep our environment clean. No life is possible on earth without the environment.
Environment Essay 2
The Oxford dictionary defines environment as, “The surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates”.
It means our immediate area that encircles us which contains all our necessities including our habitat as well as food.
Environment broadly includes the trees, air, water bodies, other animals, and everything upon which we rely and which relies on us.
We are a part of a very intricately balanced system in which one species of animals, including humans, depend on the other for their survival. These groups are called food chains, and the environment consists of these food chains.
The other elements of the environment include the natural resources, i.e., air, water, minerals, trees, etc., on which we rely not just for our food but also for a decent survival.
One of the major components of our environment is the atmosphere, which includes various gases like oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, etc. these gases are as we know, extremely essential for our survival.
We breathe in Oxygen (almost 21% in atmosphere) to breakdown food that gives us energy keeping us alive.
Proper levels of Carbon dioxide(less than 0.1% in atmosphere) is also very important factor in maintaining the balance of our environment, because the trees as well as algae absorb this carbon dioxide giving out oxygen.
However as a side effect of modernization, these carbon dioxide levels are way above normal which disrupts the environmental balance.
Nitrogen(almost 78% in atmosphere), is another extremely important gas that helps in the growth of plants which in the form of nitrates in the soil, which helps grow fruits and vegetables that the other animals feed upon and survive on.
One another marvelous gift of nature to mankind is the ‘Ozone layer’. It is a layer of a very unique gas called ozone which acts as a natural umbrella.
It protects us from various threats approaching the earth from the outer atmosphere including:
- Harmful X-Rays,
- Gamma Ray bursts,
- Asteroids, and
- Various space junk
However in the wake of modernization, we humans have depleted it to irrecoverable levels by the use of CFCs and other such plastics. Almost two-thirds of the world’s cash crops have been affected tremendously.
Pollution due to eases resulting in excess oxides of carbon and sulphur has already caused the global temperature to rise at an alarming rate (Global warming) of 1.5degree centigrade per century.
This might melt the polar glaciers that would bring floods to the whole world.
God has given to mankind nature’s treasure in so many forms and in so many shapes. Trees are one such boon bestowed upon mankind.
They play an extremely important part in the survival of the animals on earth as well as on the proper functioning of the earth itself and plays a very crucial role in moderating the food chains and are itself part of almost all of them.
- All food-chains essentially start from the plants and trees.
- Trees provide food, and shelter to the fauna and serve as a natural habitat for them.
- They control landslides in the mountainous regions helping save life and property.
- The trees also provide us with timber which is used for making shelters and can also be used as a fuel.
However, just as Mahatma Gandhi said, “Earth provides enough to satisfy everyone’s needs but not everyone’s greed”, we are consuming four times as much wood as is being regenerated.
We do all this giving the excuse of industrialization and progress.
Acres and acres of forest land are burnt down to make towering high rises and in that same buildings live humans who run environment saving campaigns. Perhaps this irony is what is known as ‘civilization’.
Afforestation projects are not being able to cope with deforestation that is taking place, and If forests are to be saved, drastic steps have to be taken otherwise the malady would reach a proportion which would become hard to remedy.
The great Indian scientist, Jagadish Chandra Bose, had proved that trees have life as do the animals and humans.
They feel and react but have no language or tongue to express their feelings. Only if they had the power of speech, they would express themselves in much the same way as we do.
Leaves would say how they hate winter at heralds their impending death.
One person one tree – if this mission and message can get through, the Earth can again its lost grandeur.
In ancient Greece, they had Gods who commanded over water, like Achelous, the God of river, such was the importance they gave to water.
And so is water very important for our survival and for the survival of a balanced environment.
- About 71% of the earth’s surface is covered with water, and the oceans hold almost 96.5% of the world’s water.
- Water also exists in air as vapour, in icecaps, in ground-soil, in glaciers, in aquifers and even inside all animals, we are 70% water.
- Our body cells use water for survival.
- Water is a very important component of the hydrological cycle which brings change in climate.
But again because of our so called modernization we have not spared water too. Due to human activities water bodies have been polluted to unsalvageable levels.
- About 70% of all industrial wastes in developing countries are dumped into water bodies without treatment. This might result in eutrophication and causes damage to aquatic animals.
- The chemical waste as well as oil spills in water bodies release toxic substances like Lead, Mercury, Arsenic which also affects the groundwater and soil and when it reaches human beings in form of drinking water, it expresses itself in the form of diseases like paralysis, Alzheimer’s, etc.
There have been efforts by government as well as activists to educate people but all in vain, perhaps we human beings like to learn it the hard way.
Remedial Measures & Conclusion
Just as the name suggests we can only remedy and not reverse the damage that we have already done to our mother Earth. These steps include:
- Proper education of the people making them aware.
- Legislative steps, i.e. making strict laws and norms that we need to conform to.
- Encouraging people for waste segregation and recycling.
- Building more fuel efficient cars and encouraging the use of cleaner CNG and bio-fuels.
There are already laws and conventions to help check the pollution levels, like the Montreal Convention 1971, the Kyoto Protocol 1992 which extends the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) ’92, etc.
The UNFCCC projections show that there has been a minor decrease in the estimated CO2 in the last decade by a minuscule amount.
However, these are just self-congratulatory back-patting and mere twaddle.
The truth is that the Earth is dying and we are killing it, and we have to take steps that extremely drastic in nature to stop an apocalyptic future.