DPSP are the principles or guidelines to the leading government of all states of India. These guidelines should be kept in concern while framing policies and laws. These are the provisions which are given in PART-IV of Article 36-51 of our constitution.
These principles are not enforceable to any state by any court, but these principles are irrefutable for measuring the governance of country. It is the duty of every state to make laws considering these principles, which helps to make an equal valued society throughout the country.
These principles and guidelines were inspired from the constitution of Ireland which implies these Directive Principles to look after the economic welfare, social justice, legal matters, foreign policy and administrative matters.
Categories of Directive Principles of State Policy
These principles are defined under the following categories:
- Economic and socialistic
- Political and administrative
- Justice and legal
- Protection of monuments
Social and Economic welfare can be achieved by the following ways:
- Provide basic means of livelihood for every women and men of state.
- Reorganize the working of government to avoid the concentration of single handed control of wealth.
- Securing equality among the work done by both women and men
- Providing equal employment opportunities and healthy working environment for women, men and children.
- Guarding and securing the child exploitation and moral degradation.
- Provisions for right to educate, work and assistance in providing jobs for unemployed.
- Securing just and humane such that provisions can be made for maternity relief and better conditions of work.
- Securing the workers participation in the decisions of management.
- To promote economic interests and education for the workings sections of society especially coming under SC and ST categories.
- Securing the cultural opportunities and leisure for all workers of the society.
- Efforts in raising the standard of public health and living.
- Providing infant care and education to one and all till they become 6 years old.
- The Gandhi an Principles
- To maintain the integrity in villages by promoting village panchayats.
- To raise the standard of living by promoting cottage industries among rural areas.
- Prohibiting the intake of intoxicating drugs and drinks which are injurious to health.
- Prohibit the slaughtering of calves, cows and other drought animals
- Improve the cattle breeds.
DPSP for Peace and Security
For world’s peace and security, India should render cooperatively these rules as follows:
- Promoting the international security and peace.
- Maintaining good relations with other nations
- Respecting the international laws as well as treaty obligations
- Encouraging the settlements over international disputes.
The Directive Principles under these categories are as follows:
- Securing a uniformly civil code among all citizens of India.
- Protection for all historical monuments.
- To protect the environment from various pollutions and protect our wild life.
Analysis of rules under Directive Principles
Many critics treat the state policy as New Year Greetings. Even the promises made by governance have been questioned at every step. It has been noticed that the principles are more alike holy wished which do not have any legal sanction.
Government authorities are not bounded to implement them. But on the other side of coin it is not good to say that these guidelines are of no use. They are meant for the utility and significant changes in the society. These are just like polestar which provides direction.
The basic aim is to make government stronger to provide economic and social justice, keeping the disputes as low as possible. Many states have implemented successfully.
Some are the under given steps which are followed in the direction as follows:
- Instead of Jagirdari and Zamindari system, governance added land reforms.
- Through the green revolution there was an increase in the growth of industrialization and agricultural activities.
- New commission was set up for the women welfare.
- Ceiling has been introduced on property and land to fix the holdings of a person.
- Most banks of the country have been nationalized moreover including life insurance and general insurance.
- Right to Property have been removed from fundamental rights in order to decrease economic disparity.
- Subsidized food articles and other belongings have been included in various schemes in order to raise the level of poor.
- Equal wages for both women and men for the same amount of work.