First let us know about what is bauxite. Bauxite is an ore of aluminium. In India there is a great production of bauxite. In fact India ranks sixth in the production of bauxite all over the world. Bauxite is one of the important ores because it helps in the production of aluminum.
To move on its characteristics property it is not particularly a metal. At first it is an ore and then it is a rock that contains hydrated aluminium oxides. It has the amount of iron contained inside it. The color of the bauxite differs. It changes with the quantity of iron present in it.
It is some- times reddish. It has sometimes the color of white. It is also at times pinkish in the color.
The major use of bauxite is in the production of aluminum. Aluminum is an important metal. It is there in various production factories. There are utensils made up of aluminum. There are various other uses of aluminum. But for the production of aluminum the presence of bauxite is very important.
Bauxite is the chief and most important ore of aluminum. There are various processes involved in the production of aluminum. The very first step includes the crushing of bauxite. The crushing of bauxite is known as Bayer’s process. After the crushing of bauxite it is then purified.
The bauxite is made up of mainly three minerals. The names of the three minerals are as follows. They are gibbsite, boehmite and diaspora. The bauxite is present in our daily life products. Bauxite and aluminum can be seen around us every time. It has its use in the building of planes.
It is used in the production of boats. It is used in the production of cars and much more. Aluminum is also used in construction process. The use of aluminum helps to reduce the usage of energy.
India has great production of bauxite. The quality of bauxite is high. There are various areas in the nation that are high in the production of bauxite. The state includes the state of Orrisa. It includes the state of Chhattisgarh. Aluminum is obtained from bauxite and it has got usage in various products.
The aluminum is a lighter metal. It is used in the electric cables. Today our world works on electricity. If the electricity goes off then the things stop. It creates much disturbance. Everything depends upon the electricity. It has its usage in special alloys. It has its usage in the making of utensils.
Every -body can- not afford to have expensive utensils. In our nation poverty is the most prevailing problem. Half of the population is below the poverty level. For them it gets difficult to buy the utensils. The aluminum utensils are cheaper.
They are available to the people of all the classes. The aluminum has also its usage in the production of spare parts of auto-mobiles. It has its usage in the Aeroplane production. It has its usage in the building of ship.
The production of aluminum from bauxite involves various stages. It is that there is crushing of bauxite at the first place. Then the bauxite is purified and converted into alumina. The chemical process is involved in the conversion of bauxite ore into alumina.
After the purification and conversion is done there is the next step. The alumina is converted into aluminum by the process of electrolysis. There are major areas of the production of bauxite in India. The places are Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat. It is produced in Bihar.
It is produced in Karnataka. It is produced in Tamil Nadu. It is produced in Uttar Pradesh. It is produced in Goa. It is produced in Maharashtra and it is produced in Goa as well. There are certain areas of the state where bauxite is found.
Starting with the state of Andhra Pradesh it is found in the areas of Vishaka Patnam. It is a city in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The particular area is the Eastern Ghats. Bauxite is found in the district of east Godavari and west Godavari.
It is also found in the Anantgiri plateau. Moving onto the state of Jharkhand the major areas are the city of Ranchi. It is found in Palamau. It is found in Gumla. It is found in Lohardaga district as well. There is requirement of 6 tons of bauxite to produce 1 ton of aluminum.
The 20th century is also regarded as the century of aluminum. I am because it has overcome the usage of copper. It has overcome the usage of tin. The tropical and sub-tropical areas have the kind of weather and atmosphere where bauxite is found.
The production and availability of bauxite is also large because of the rain-fall. The metals like silica and other lighter metals are washed away during the time of heavy rainfall. The hydrated oxide is what is left behind after the heavy rain-fall. It is the bauxite and hence it is found in plenty.
The concentration of bauxite is more on the surface. It is because of the rain fall again. When the rainfall or weathering of rocks takes place then minerals like silica gets washed away. But the hydrated oxide or bauxite remains on the surface.
The presence of bauxite is in the areas with heavy rainfall and high temperature. The only problem with bauxite is that it can -not be used directly. It is either used as aluminum or by smelting it. The process of smelting of bauxite is known as Hall-Herault process.
Aluminum has various physical properties. It has the property to be beaten into sheets. It has the property of malleability.
These are the properties because of which it finds its usage I various places. It is a good conductor of electricity. This metal is light as well as strong. It is very tough and durable. It is very much used in the construction process because it is very cheap. It results in less expenditure. Hence bauxite is an important metal.